COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF SERIAL EXTRACTS FROM LEAVES AND FRUIT OF AEGLE MARMELOS AND CARICA PAPAYA


Jaishree Sharma, Padma Kumar

Abstract


Objective: The present study was carried out to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of water, methanolic and pet ether extracts from leaves and fruit of A. marmelos and C. papaya.

Methods: Crude extract of leaves and fruit of Aegle marmelos and Carica papaya were prepared for series of polar solvents by hot extraction method in soxhlet then the extracts were first screened for its antimicrobial activity by “Disc Diffusion Assay” against medically important bacteria, plant pathogen and fungi. Fractions showing activities were then used to determine MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) and MBC/MFC (minimum bactericidal and fungicidal concentration) by broth dilution and total activity were also calculated.

Result: Aegle marmelos shows comparatively significant antimicrobial activity than Carica papaya. However antimicrobial activity was found both solvent and organism dependent. Almost all the extracts of Aegle marmelos show an inhibitory effect against most of the test organism whereas the test extracts Carica papaya show an inhibitory effect against the very few test organisms. Lowest MIC values 0.0195 mg/ml were recorded against Roultella planticola and Klebsiella pneumonae indicate the significant antimicrobial potential of the test extracts. The high value of TA was recorded against Roultella planticola in both the plants. Data were analyzed by one way ANNOVA and values were considered significant at P<0.05

Conclusion: The MIC and MBC/MFC values of Aegle marmelos showed its broad antimicrobial potential and is promising in the development of phytomedicine for antimicrobial properties then Carica papaya.


Keywords


Aegle marmelos, Carica papaya, Antimicrobial activity, Minimum inhibitory concentration, Minimum bactericidal concentration, Minimum fungicidal concentration Phytomedicine.

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About this article

Title

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF SERIAL EXTRACTS FROM LEAVES AND FRUIT OF AEGLE MARMELOS AND CARICA PAPAYA

Keywords

Aegle marmelos, Carica papaya, Antimicrobial activity, Minimum inhibitory concentration, Minimum bactericidal concentration, Minimum fungicidal concentration Phytomedicine.

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i12.20228

Date

01-12-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 9, Issue 12, 2017 Page: 119-123

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Statistics

21 Views | 5 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Jaishree Sharma
Laboratory of plant tissue culture and secondary metabolites, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur (302004)
India

Padma Kumar
Laboratory of plant tissue culture and secondary metabolites, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur (302004)
India


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