MICROSCOPIC, PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF GARDENIA JASMINOIDES (ELLIS)


Keerthana Kesavan, Jothi Gnanasekaran, Sridharan Gurunagarajan, Agnel Arul John Nayagam

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the microscopical, physicochemical and phytochemical analysis of Gardenia jasminoides (Ellis).

Methods: The leaves of Gardenia jasminoides (Ellis) was studied through macroscopic, microscopic, physicochemical standards such as moisture content, ash values, extractive values and phytochemical analysis includes preliminary screening and quantification of important secondary metabolites were carried out as per the standard procedures are given in Indian Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia.

Results: Microscopic studies of leaf showed the presence of epidermis, 4-5 layers of collenchymas cells, xylem, phloem and vascular bundles. The determination of physicochemical studies of leaves showed that it contains Total ash (6.98%), Water and Acid insoluble ash values and extractive values of 0.31% in Hexane, 0.87% in chloroform and 0.42% in Ethyl acetate. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of Alkaloid, Flavonoid, Saponin, Tannin and phenol.

Conclusion: The results obtained from the study provide information for proper identification and standardization of plant for its medicinal property, ensuring the quality of plant drug and also useful to distinguish it from its related species.


Keywords


Gardenia jasminoides, Microscopic, Physicochemical, Phytochemical

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About this article

Title

MICROSCOPIC, PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF GARDENIA JASMINOIDES (ELLIS)

Keywords

Gardenia jasminoides, Microscopic, Physicochemical, Phytochemical

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2018v10i1.21665

Date

01-01-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 10, Issue 1, 2018 Page: 97-102

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Statistics

91 Views | 96 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Keerthana Kesavan
Department of Biochemistry, Srimad Andavan Arts and Science College (Autonomous), No.7, Nelson Road, Thiruvanaikovil, Tiruchirappalli 620005. Tamil Nadu, India
India

Jothi Gnanasekaran
Dean Sciences, Srimad Andavan Arts and Science College (Autonomous), No.7, Nelson Road, Thiruvanaikovil, Tiruchirappalli 620005 Tamil Nadu, India
India

Sridharan Gurunagarajan
Department of Biochemistry, Srimad Andavan Arts and Science College (Autonomous), No.7, Nelson Road, Thiruvanaikovil, Tiruchirappalli 620005. Tamil Nadu, India
India

Agnel Arul John Nayagam
Department of Biochemistry, Srimad Andavan Arts and Science College (Autonomous), No.7, Nelson Road, Thiruvanaikovil, Tiruchirappalli 620005 Tamil Nadu, India


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