A REVIEW ON BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES AND MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF CLERODENDRUM INFORTUNATUM LINN
India has a great wealth of various naturally occurring herbal drugs which have great potential pharmacological and physiological activities. Since ancient times, several diseases have been treated by the administration of plant parts based on traditional and folk uses. Clerodendrum infortunatum Linn is one of them. Considerable utilisation and progress have been achieved regarding its biological activities. The whole parts of the plant contain different medicinally active substances which were variously used in Ayurveda, Unani and Homeopathy system of medicines. Its root, leaf and stem extract are used in microbial infection. Leaf extract is used as anthelmintic, analgesic, anticonvulsant, antidiabetic agent and also to increase haemoglobin level in the blood. Clerodolone, clerodone, clerodol are different isolated compounds obtained from this plant. A sterol, now designated as clerosterol obtained from the leaves and roots of C. infortunatum is used as an antitumor agent. This communication explains the evidence-based information regarding the different pharmacological activities with a correlation of chemical constituents available with this plant so that it may serve as a reference for further studies.
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