• MONTUKUMAR PATEL Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
  • NIRAV V. PATEL Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
  • TEJAS B. PATEL Faculty of Pharmacy, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad, Gujarat, India


Objective: The primary objective of the current research was to prepare rilpivirine loaded Nanoparticles containing Chitosan using the ionic gelation method for HIV infections.

Methods: The nanoparticles of rilpivirine were prepared using the ionic gelation technique. Further, nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and in vitro drug release.

Results: The optimized nanoparticles were found with a particle size of 130.30±5.29 nm (mean±SD) and entrapment efficiency (% EE) of 77.10±0.50%. Scanning electron microscopy technique exposed spherical particles with uniform size. It was observed that the nanoparticles created showed the absence of the crystalline nature of the drug and its switch to the amorphous state. Results showed that more than 45% of the pure drug is released in 50 min and after 90 min almost about 95% of the drug is released.

Conclusion: The research study concluded that the in vitro release profile of nanoparticles was found to be sustained up to 24 hr. Sustained release of the rilpivirine could improve patient obedience to drug regimens, growing action effectiveness. 

Keywords: Rilpivirine, Chitosan, Nanoparticles, HIV


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How to Cite
PATEL, M., N. V. PATEL, and T. B. PATEL. “DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF RILPIVIRINE NANOPARTICLE CONTAINING CHITOSAN USING IONIC GELATION METHOD FOR HIV INFECTIONS”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 12, no. 2, Feb. 2020, pp. 113-8, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2020v12i2.35814.
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