THERAPEUTIC POTENCY OF SWEET ORANGE JUICE OVER LIVER GENOTOXICITY INDUCED BY PESTICIDE LANNATE IN RATS
Objective: The aim of the present investigation was to study the potential effect of sweet orange juice against liver genotoxicity induced by lannate.
Methods: adult 36 female rats were divided into 6 groups: group C (control group), group L (lannate group) injected intraperitoneal (i. p.) with 1 mg/kg b. wt. lannate for one day, group J (orange juice group) orally administered a dose of 0.1 ml/10 g b. wt. of orange juice for 48 h, group J+L received the orange juice prior to lannate, group J with L received lannate in continuous with the orange juice and group L+J received lannate prior to the orange juice. Tested parameters were DNA fragmentation, micronucleus, histopathology examination and biochemical analysis.
Results: it was found that, the intake of lannate caused high DNA fragmentation and significant increase (P<0.001) in the number of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes in the bone marrow. Furthermore, lannate exhibited some pathological changes in the liver tissues as well as a significant (P<0.001) decrease in the total antioxidative capacity (TAC) and a significant increase in the total oxidative capacity (TOC). On the other hand, orange juice administration of all treatments (pre-treatment, continuous and post-treatment) gave some amelioration against liver damage induced by lannate. While the best results were evidenced in the continuous treatment group where the juice could attenuate liver DNA fragmentation and significantly decreased (P<0.001) the number of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes. In addition, it improved the induced degenerative histopathological changes as well as ameliorated the changes occurred in TAC and TOC significantly (P<0.001).
Conclusion: the antigenotoxic impact of orange juice against lannate was therapeutic and hence can counteract the poisonous effect of the pesticide in people who exposed to it.
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