DISTRIBUTION AND COMPOSITION OF THE MAIN ACTIVE COMPONENTS FOUND IN STINGLESS BEE PROPOLIS FROM VARIOUS REGIONS IN INDONESIA

  • MAHANI Food Technology Department, Faculty of Agric Industrial Technology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, Community Nutrition Department, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Indonesia
  • MICHELLE Food Technology Department, Faculty of Agric Industrial Technology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • YANA CAHYANA Food Technology Department, Faculty of Agric Industrial Technology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • AHMAD SULAEMAN Community Nutrition Department, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Indonesia
  • HARDINSYAH Community Nutrition Department, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Indonesia
  • NUNUNG NURJANAH National Institute of Health Research and Development, Indonesian Ministry of Health Indonesia
  • SUNARNO National Institute of Health Research and Development, Indonesian Ministry of Health Indonesia
  • KAMBANG SARIADJI National Institute of Health Research and Development, Indonesian Ministry of Health Indonesia

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to map out the distribution and composition of the main active components found in stingless bee propolis from various regions in Indonesia.


Methods: The stingless bee propolis used was obtained from ten different provinces in Indonesia and the active components analysis using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) pyrolyzer.


Results: This study found 85 main types of active components with concentrations of ≥ 1%. The most frequently found active component was alpha-d-glucopyranoside, which had an average concentration of 28.20%.


Conclusion: There were differences between the main active components found in 14 samples of stingless bee propolis obtained from 10 provinces in Indonesia, which was due to the variety of bee species and plant origin.

Keywords: Active components, Concentration, Distribution, Plant Resin, Stingless bee propolis

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MAHANI, MICHELLE, Y. CAHYANA, A. SULAEMAN, HARDINSYAH, N. NURJANAH, SUNARNO, and K. SARIADJI. “DISTRIBUTION AND COMPOSITION OF THE MAIN ACTIVE COMPONENTS FOUND IN STINGLESS BEE PROPOLIS FROM VARIOUS REGIONS IN INDONESIA”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 13, no. 2, Feb. 2021, pp. 44-49, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2021v13i2.39521.
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