PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS AMONG OUT DOOR PATIENTS IN MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN NORTHERN INDIA

  • Suman lata suman GMC Kathua

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The objective of present study was to examine the prescribing pattern of antibiotics in outpatient department of medicine in tertiary care hospital.


METHODS-This prospective observational study was conducted in department of pharmacology in collaboration with department of medicine of Govt Medical College Kathua for a period of one month. Prescription of all patients attending medicine OPD  who were prescribed antibiotics  were analysed.


RESULTS.  A total of 450 prescription of OPD patients  were analysed  .   Out of these 200  prescriptions  of patients  had antibiotics prescribed . 98% of prescriptions had  oral antibiotics and other 2% were prescribed injectable antibiotics .70 % of prescriptions were on single antibiotic and in 30% of prescriptions  fixed dose combination were prescribed. Cefpodoxime antibiotic was most commonly prescribed in cephalosporin group followed by amoxy-clavulanic acid, azithromycin. Irrational prescribing of antibiotics was 34% and it was quite high in our study.


CONCLUSIONS: Cefpodoxime was most commonly prescribed in cephalosporin group among all antibiotics. Irrational prescribing was quite high in present study. Our result calls for urgency of refresher courses like Stewardship programmes regarding antibiotic use to avoid irrational usage.


KEY WORDS:  Antibiotics, Rational, Prescriptions

Keywords: : Antibiotics, Rational, Prescriptions

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suman, S. lata. “PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS AMONG OUT DOOR PATIENTS IN MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN NORTHERN INDIA”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 12, no. 12, Nov. 2020, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/39711.
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