• Suman lata suman GMC Kathua


BACKGROUND: The objective of present study was to examine the prescribing pattern of antibiotics in outpatient department of medicine in tertiary care hospital.

METHODS-This prospective observational study was conducted in department of pharmacology in collaboration with department of medicine of Govt Medical College Kathua for a period of one month. Prescription of all patients attending medicine OPD  who were prescribed antibiotics  were analysed.

RESULTS.  A total of 450 prescription of OPD patients  were analysed  .   Out of these 200  prescriptions  of patients  had antibiotics prescribed . 98% of prescriptions had  oral antibiotics and other 2% were prescribed injectable antibiotics .70 % of prescriptions were on single antibiotic and in 30% of prescriptions  fixed dose combination were prescribed. Cefpodoxime antibiotic was most commonly prescribed in cephalosporin group followed by amoxy-clavulanic acid, azithromycin. Irrational prescribing of antibiotics was 34% and it was quite high in our study.

CONCLUSIONS: Cefpodoxime was most commonly prescribed in cephalosporin group among all antibiotics. Irrational prescribing was quite high in present study. Our result calls for urgency of refresher courses like Stewardship programmes regarding antibiotic use to avoid irrational usage.

KEY WORDS:  Antibiotics, Rational, Prescriptions

Keywords: : Antibiotics, Rational, Prescriptions


Download data is not yet available.


1. Bhavnani D, Phatinawin L, Chantra S, Olsen SJ And Simmerman JM. (2007): The influence of rapid infuenza diagnostic testing on antibiotic prescribing patterns in rural Thailand. Int J Infect Dis, 11:355-9.
2. Suttajit S,Wagner Ak, Tantipidoke R,Ross-Degnan D, Sitthi-Amorn C And Patterns.(2005):Appropriateness and predictors of antimicrobial prescribing for adults with upper respiratory infections in urban slum communities of bangkok. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health.36:489-97...
3.Udomthavornsak B,Tatsanavivat P, Patjanasoontorn B, Khomthing R, Bhuripanyo K And Saengnipanthkul S.(1991). Intervention of inappropiate antibiotic use at a university teaching hospital. J Med Assoc Thai.74:729-36.
4Vanitha M, Vineela M.(2017): Prescribing pattern of antibiotics in patients attending ENT OPD in a tertiary care hospital.ISOR-JDMS. 16 (9)-30-3.
5University of Washington school of public health and community medicine.(2000) .antibioticresistance.
6. Goossens H. (2009). Antibiotic consumption and link to resistance. Clin Microbial Infect.15:12-5.
7. Apisarnthanarak A and Mundy LM (2008). Correlation of antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance in Pratumthani, Thailand, 200 to 2006. Am J Infect Control.36:681-.2.
8. World Health Oganisation. promoting rational use of medicine (2002).core components.WHO policy Perspect Med. 5.
9. LE Ramsay(1993) . Bridging the gap between clinical pharmacology and rational drug prescibing. British Journal of clinical Pharmacology 35(6), 575-576.
10. Ronald P Rubin(2007) . A brief history of great discoveries in pharmacology: in celebration of the centennial anniversary of the founding of the American Society of Pharmacology and Experimental Therauptics. Pharmacol Rev. 59:289-359.
11. Tripathi KD (2019). Antimicrobials drugs: General considerations. Essential med pharmacol. 688:739.
12. Sawhney N,Sawhney V,Khajuria V (2020). Prescribing pattern of antibiotics among postoperative patients admitted in gynaecology and obstetrics department of tertiary care hospital in northern india .Intj Basic Clin Pharmacol.9:300-304.
13. Vlahovic-Paleevski V,Merovic M,Paleevski G( 2000). Antibiotic utilisation at the university hospital after introducing an antibiotic policy.EurJClinPharmacology. :56:97-101.
14.Malihaata,Rozina Haque,Rajat Shanker Roybiswas,Faheem Ulhasan,Happy Rani Barua(2018) .Antibiotics prescribing pattern at outpatient department of a tertiary medical college hospital. CMOSHMCJ Vol 17,Issue 2,July .
15. Ahmed A. Megha R, Irfanul H, Pravina A (2014). Study the prescription pattern of antibiotics in the medicine department in a teaching hospital. IJTPR. 6(3):43-6.
16. Venu Gopal D,Rama Krishna T,Siva Kumar A,Venkata Subhaiah Meda, Ravindra Reddy K(2014). prescribing pattern of antibiotics the general medicine and paediatrics department of tertiary care hospital. Int J of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. vol 6 issue 2,
17. Moghadamnia AA, Mirbolooki MR, Aghili MB (2002). General practitioner prescribing patterns in Babol city, Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 8:550-5.

18.Sharif S, Al-Shaqra M, Hajjar H, Shamout A, Wess L(2008). Patterns of drug prescribing in a hospital in dubai, United arab emirates. Libyan J Med . 3:10-2.
19.Muna K. A. Oqal, Soha A Elmorsy, Amal K Alfhmy et al. Patterns of antibiotic prescriptions in the outpatient department and emergency room at a Tertiary Care Center in Saudi ArabiaYear : 2015 : 3 : (2 ) :124-129
20. T.M Vijaykumar, D. Sathyavati, T.Subhashini, G.Sonika and M.D (2011). Dhanaraju assessment of prescribing trends and rationality of drug prescribing. Int J. of Pharmaco, 7(1) ISSN1811-777:140-1
21. Ramnath KV, Shafiya (SB2011).prescribing pattern of antibiotic usage for urinary tract infection treated in a rural tertiary care hospital. Ind J of Pharm Prac.Apr-Jun ;vol 4:issue 2:
22. Akram Ahmed,S. Parimalakrishan,Guru Prasad Mohanta, Isha Patel, Pk Manna(2012). A study on utilisation pattern of higher generation antibiotics among patients visiting community pharmacies in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu at South India,Intl J Pharma ;2(3) 466-471.2014;6 (3):43-6.
23. Steven L.Barriere Pharm.D(1991).Monotherapy versus combination antimicrobial therapy: a review,American college of clinical pharmacy(ACCP)Volume 11,issue 2p2 March-April http/
15 Views | Downloads
How to Cite
suman, S. lata. “PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS AMONG OUT DOOR PATIENTS IN MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN NORTHERN INDIA”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 12, no. 12, Nov. 2020,
Original Article(s)