PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS AMONG OUT DOOR PATIENTS IN MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN NORTHERN INDIA
BACKGROUND: The objective of present study was to examine the prescribing pattern of antibiotics in outpatient department of medicine in tertiary care hospital.
METHODS-This prospective observational study was conducted in department of pharmacology in collaboration with department of medicine of Govt Medical College Kathua for a period of one month. Prescription of all patients attending medicine OPD who were prescribed antibiotics were analysed.
RESULTS. A total of 450 prescription of OPD patients were analysed . Out of these 200 prescriptions of patients had antibiotics prescribed . 98% of prescriptions had oral antibiotics and other 2% were prescribed injectable antibiotics .70 % of prescriptions were on single antibiotic and in 30% of prescriptions fixed dose combination were prescribed. Cefpodoxime antibiotic was most commonly prescribed in cephalosporin group followed by amoxy-clavulanic acid, azithromycin. Irrational prescribing of antibiotics was 34% and it was quite high in our study.
CONCLUSIONS: Cefpodoxime was most commonly prescribed in cephalosporin group among all antibiotics. Irrational prescribing was quite high in present study. Our result calls for urgency of refresher courses like Stewardship programmes regarding antibiotic use to avoid irrational usage.
KEY WORDS: Antibiotics, Rational, Prescriptions
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