KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR OF COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS TOWARDS ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and behavior of community pharmacists towards Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs).
Methods: A questionnaire based survey was held for a period of one month among community pharmacists in the Amalapuram Mandal of East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh. Questionnaire containing the demographic details, knowledge, attitude and behavior towards ADRs was used to conduct the study. The collected data were analyzed using statistical tool (SAS).
Results: Out of the 50 community pharmacists Nine (18%) had respondents knowledge about ADRs and Nine (18%) respondents are from the Pharmacy education background. Among the fifty respondents, Four (8%) participants knew about the National Pharmacovigilance Program (NPP) and three (6%) were aware of regional reporting centers.
Conclusion: Our study concluded that the majority of the pharmacists were unaware of Adverse Drug Reactions and the National Pharmacovigilance Program. The survey has shown that community pharmacists in Amalapuram are having least knowledge towards the ADRs.
2. Edwards IR, JK Aronson. Adverse drug reactions: definitions, diagnosis, and management. Lancet 2000;356:1255-9.
3. WHO A Guideline to Detecting and Reporting Adverse Drug Reactions, Geneva; 2001.
4. Mulugeta Tarekegn Angamo, Nasur Tajure Wabe. Knowledge, Attitude, and practice of adverse drug reaction reporting among health professionals in South West Ethiopia. TAF Prev Med Bull 2012;11:397-406.
5. Bawazir, Saleh A. Attitude of community pharmacists in saudi arabia towards adverse drug reaction reporting. Saudi Pharm J 2006;14:75-83.
6. Vassel G, Mardani Z, Mollai M. Knowledge, Attitude and perceptions of pharmacists to adverse drug reaction reporting in iran. Pharm World Sci 2009;31:183-7.
7. Mahmoud MA, Alswiada Y, Alshammari T, TM Khan, Alrasheedy A, Hassali MA, et al. Community Pharmacistâ€™s Knowledge, Behaviors and experiences about adverse drug reaction reporting in saudi arabia. Saudi Pharm J 2014;22:411-8.
8. Sandeep A, Mamatha GT, Krishnagoudar B, Shafiya SB, Mahadevamma L, Ravi KV, et al. Adverse drug reaction: community pharmacistâ€™s Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior. Mintage J Pharm Med Sci 2012;1:17-20.
9. Toklu HZ, Uysal MK. The knowledge and attitude of the turkish community pharmacists towards pharmacovigilance in the kadikoy district of istanbul. Pharm World Sci 2008;30:556-62.
10. Granas AG, Buajordet M, Stenberg NH, Harg P, Anne HM. Pharmacists attitude towards the reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions in Norway. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2007;16:429-34.
11. Christopher F, David R, Philip H, Munir P. Knowledge and attitude of UK hospital pharmacists to adverse drug reaction reporting. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2001;51:81-6.
12. Sathvik BS, Doha M, Osama C, Elaf-Abo-Aldan, Madouna NS. Adverse drug reaction monitoring and reporting: knowledge attitude and belief of physicians and pharmacists of ras al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates. IJPSR 2014;5:368-75.