PECTINASE-MODIFIED RED GINSENG (GS-E3D) INHIBIT NF-ΚB TRANSLOCATION AND NITRIC OXIDE PRODUCTION IN LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE-STIMULATED RAW 264.7 CELLS

  • Se Chul Hong International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • Myeong Hwan Oh International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • Hwan Lee International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • Young Sik Park International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • Na Young Kim International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • So Hee Park International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • Jong Dae Park International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • Jin Dong Jang International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • Sun Hwa Kim International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • Eun Ji Kim International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute
  • Mi Kyung Pyo International Ginseng and Herb Research Institute

Abstract

Objective: Red ginseng has been used as traditional medicines and functional foods in the world, because of its health benefits. The aim of this study was to elucidate the anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism of pectinase-modified red ginseng (GS-E3D) with a cellular model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells.

Methods: To study the anti-inflammatory effect of GS-E3D, the key inflammation mediators such as nitric oxide (NO),prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), and interleukin (IL)-6 production as well as on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) activation, were measured by using the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)and Western blotting.

Results: GS-E3D potently inhibited TNF-α and IL-6 and also diminished NO over-production, which was accompanied by the down-regulation of iNOS expression. GS-E3D effectively suppressed LPS-induced NF-κB activation through inhibiting the hyper-phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α and phosphorylation of p38, ERK1/2 and JNK in MAPK signaling pathway.

Conclusion: GS-E3D has a potential to be as an anti-inflammatory agent for functional food or cosmetic materials targeting on the NF-κB p65 and MAPKs signaling pathways.

 

Keywords: GS-E3D, Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Inflammation, Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs)

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Hong, S. C., M. H. Oh, H. Lee, Y. S. Park, N. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, J. D. Park, J. D. Jang, S. H. Kim, E. J. Kim, and M. K. Pyo. “PECTINASE-MODIFIED RED GINSENG (GS-E3D) INHIBIT NF-ΚB TRANSLOCATION AND NITRIC OXIDE PRODUCTION IN LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE-STIMULATED RAW 264.7 CELLS”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 7, no. 9, July 2015, pp. 322-6, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/5826.
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