EXPLORING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF CHILD LABOR EXPLOITATION, GONDAR, NORTH WEST ETHIOPIA
Introduction: The issue of child labor abuse and exploitation becomes a serious problem at local, national and international level and in our context children are engaged in laborious and seriously exploitative working condition due to various socio- economic challenges.
Objective: Hence, the main objective of this study was conducted to explore the major socio-economic determinants of child labor exploitation in Gondar town in the case of Arada Area.
Methods: in doing this, we have employed mixed research method of survey for quantitative and key informant interview for qualitative research methods. The data was collected from 25 respondents (20 children, 2 residents and 3 non-governmental organizations) which were taken from purposively selected area.
Results: The data collected revealed that parental and communal positive attitude towards child labor, low educational status of their family, poverty, early marriage, divorce, lack of community awareness towards child rights and illegitimacy of child labor, death of parents, migration and the presence of abusive working condition at home are the major socio- economic determinants of child labor exploitation in the study area.Â
Conclusion: Child labor exploitation is the result of various socioeconomic situations of children themselves, their families and the surrounding community.
Key Words; Child labor Exploitation, Socio-economic determinants and child
Addisu,G.(2008), child labor in the informal sector, Addis Ababa, Thesis Paper, Unpublished
Kebede, D. (2012), Report on cause and effect of child labor abuse in north Gondar.
Berhanie, A. (2012), Research reports on child labor in Jimma University, Senior Essay Paper, Unpublished
ILO, (1996), Child Labor Today Facts and Figures world of work No 16, Geneva
Norway, (2007), Report on Violence Against Children in North Gondar Zone, Daily report Proceding
Tayetch, B. (1983), the Situation of Children in Ethiopia: Life and Play SIDA Information Division. Modin-Tryck AB ,Stockholm
UNICEF (1992), the State of Worldâ€™s Children, UN, New York
Assefa B. and Boyden J. (1988), Child labor, ILO, Geneva
ILO (2002), Eliminating the Worst Forms of Child Labor, ILO Geneva
Saddiqui F.(1995),Child Labor: Issues Cause and Interventions, World Bank, Washington D.C
ILO (1995), Every Child Counts, International Labor Organization, Geneva
Mendelievich E.( 1997) Children at Work: International Labor Organization, Geneva