PUBLIC'S BELIEFS ABOUT PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER, GONDAR, ETHIOPIA
Objective: The main purpose of this study was to assess Beliefs hold by the publics about mental illness in the case of Gondar town. Methods: Data were collected from 371 participants on belief about psychological disorder from the public of some selected Kebeles of Gondar town. The participants were selected using multistage cluster sampling techniques. The data were analyzed using inferential statistics specifically t-test and one way ANOVA. Results: The study revealed that females have negative belief in psychological disorder than males while age and educational level of the participants does not influence belief about psychological disorder. In belief about psychological disorder there were three factors that include Dangerousness, Untrustworthiness and embarrassment and incurability factors. Conclusion: The research finding revealed that there exist statistically significant differences in beliefs about psychological disorder among the publics across sex and educational levels. Â
Keywords: Belief about psychological disorder, dangerousness, Untrustworthiness and embarrassment factor and incurability factors.Â
Atlay L, Jacobsson, Menelik D. Traditional perception and treatment of mental
disorder in Ethiopia. Berlin: VWB (1996).
Ataly A., Jacobson, Mesfin A., kebede D., Kulgren. How are mental disorders
seen and when help sought in rural Ethiopian community, Acta psychatrial
Samir Al-Adawi, Atsu SS, Dorvlo S S, Al-Ismaily, D A. Al-Ghafry, B Al- Noobi,
Ahmed Al-Salmi, David T B, Mrugeshkumar KS, Harith G and Suma PC.
Perception of and Attitude towards Mental Illness in Oman; Int J Soc
Psychiatry. 2002; 48(4):305-17.
Siow AC, Swapna V, Janhavi AV, Yiong HC, Lai Y W, Bee HH. Perception of
the public towards the mentally ill in a developed Asian country; Soc
Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 2007; 42(9):734-9.
Segal DL, Coolidge FL, Mincic MS & Oâ€™Riley A. Beliefs about mental illness
and willingness to seek help: A cross-sectional study, Department of
psychology, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, CO,
USA, Aging & Mental Health, 2004; 9(4): 363â€“367.
Michiyo H. A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Factors Related to Help-Seeking
Attitudes for Psychological Disorder; Blacksburg, VA 1999.
Holzinger A, Floris F, Schomerus G, Carta MG, Angermeyer MC.(n.d). Gender
differences in public beliefs and attitudes about mental disorder in western
countries: a systematic review of population studies. Department of
Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria,
Epidemiology and psychiatric science, 2012; 21( 01), 73-85.
Eshetu G. and Markos T. Patterns of treatment seeking behavior for mental
illnesses in Southwest Ethiopia: a hospital based study, BMC
Psychiatry, 2011; 11-138.
Ã‰rica de T, Piza P â€¢ SÃ©rgio LB. Community Perception of Mental Disorders A
systematic review of Latin American and Caribbean studies; Dept. of Psychiatry
Federal University of SÃ£o Paulo, 2004; 39 (12) 955-61.