The Moderating Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationships between Transformational Leadership and Subordinates Health
The aim of this study was to examine the moderating effect of self-efficacy on the relationships between transformational leadership and employees' health and wellbeing. A cross-sectional survey design was employed. Questionnaires were distributed for 528 employees working in different social service organizations in Spain. Participants had worked on average 62 months (5.1) years in their current position (e.g. as administrative personnel, assistant personnel and technician assistant including psychologists and social workers).Â The average age was 37 years and more than three quarters of the participants were females (82 percent). As expected transformational leadership has a direct negative relationship with employees' health (psychological distress and psychosomatic complaint). There is however, no enough evidence to show that self-efficacy moderates the relationship between transformational leadership and health. The study has practical implications particularly for the leadership development and organizational intervention programs.
Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Psychological Distress, Psychosomatic Complaint, Self-Efficacy.
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