Socio-economic Situations and Determinants of ART Non-Adherence among Individuals Living with HIV/AIDS in Gondar Town Health Center, North west Ethiopia
Introduction: The epidemic of HIV / AIDS is affecting individual and community lives at different levels. To encounter such challenge HIV positive individuals are taking ART drugs but they often faced different challenge for taking the drug.
Objective: The main objective of this study is to investigate the major socio-economic situations determinants of ART non- adherence among HIV/ AIDS positives in Gondar Town Health Center.
Methods: To do so I have conducted a crossectional study with mixed method research that is both quantitative and qualitative methods. More specifically, I have employed questionnaires, FGD and in-depth interview to collect the actual data from respondents.
Results: Based on the information gathered from respondentsâ€™ majority of them are females (78%) whose age lies between 39-49 and socio-economically their major occupation is daily laborer and unemployed. As to the major challenges of taking ART drug personal, socio-economic situation that is being poor, lack of food, family level factors, shortage of professional counseling services and others are responsible.
In conclusion, ART non- adherence is associated with the socio-economic condition of patientsâ€™ personal, family and community level challenges.
Key Words: Â HIV/ AIDS non- adherence, Antiretroviral Therapy, Socio- economic Challenges
UNAIDS. AIDS Epidemic Update. UNAIDS World Health Organization; Geneva,2005
Heran, A. Challenges and Opportunities of Anti retroviral Users at Zewditu Memorial Hospital,2008
Panos Global AIDA Program. Antiretroviral Drugs for all; Obstacles to access to HIV/AIDS Treatment, Panos Publishing Center,2006
World Health Organization (WHO). Adherence to HIV Treatment; Geneva, Switzerland,2004
Zuurmond, M. Adherence to ARVS challenges and Successes; A consultation with CAFOD Partners and Members of the Catholic HIV and AIDS Network (CHAN),2008
Paterson D. Adherence to Protease Inhibitor Therapy and Outcomes in Patients with HIV Infection ,2000
Denscombe, M. The Good Research Guide; for small â€“scale Social Research Projects, 3rd ed., 2007
Creswell, .J.W. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Method Approaches, 2nd ed. Sage publication, Inc,2009
Anthony,N. Factors that Influence Nonâ€“adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among HIV and AIDS Patients in Central Province, Kenya, Thesis Paper,2009
Carter, M. Adherence; Information Services for HIV Positive People, 2005
Castro, A. Adherence to ART Merging the Clinical and Social Courses of AIDS,2005
Alice, S. Barriers to Antiretroviral Adherence for Patients living with HIV Infection and AIDs in Uganda, n.d.
World Health Organization (WHO). Adherence to HIV Treatment; Geneva, Switzerland,2000