A QUALITATIVE STUDY DISCOVERING THE COMMON MEDICATION-THERAPY PROBLEMS IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS (T2DM) IN INDONESIA


Retno Wahyuningrum, Djoko Wahyono, Mustofa Mustofa, Yayi Suryo Prabandari

Abstract


Objective: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic and non-communicable diseases caused by insulin resistance. The management of the disease is not only carried out by administering pharmacological therapies, but also non-pharmacological. The aim of the overall study was to develop a model to improve the quality of counseling practice in pharmacies. The research question addressed in this substudy was to identify the medication therapy problems (MTPs) of T2DM.

Methods: A total of 42 participants were interviewed between November 2015 and May 2016 through semi-structured surveys. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with patients who visited the internal clinic in the three general hospitals at Yogyakarta. It emphasized on the patient’s drug-related experiences, knowledge, perceptions, problems, and actions. The analysis was done thematically using the interpretative phenomenological analysis technique.

Results: The average age of participants was 57.7 years, and more than half were women (55.5%). The most common therapy-related problems are related to individual factors, in term of inappropriate lifestyle choices, which include smoking, having a body mass index value over 25, lack of exercise, lack of knowledge about the nature of their disease, some did not know about the influence of foods on blood glucose level, the effect of the medicines on the disease and/or complications. The interviewees had realized that psychological stress enhanced their blood glucose.

Conclusion: Pharmacists need to pay attention to the management of non-pharmacological when giving advice to patients with T2DM.

 


Keywords


Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Interviews, Medication-therapy problems, Patient perspective, Counseling, Non-pharmacological therapy.

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About this article

Title

A QUALITATIVE STUDY DISCOVERING THE COMMON MEDICATION-THERAPY PROBLEMS IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS (T2DM) IN INDONESIA

Keywords

Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Interviews, Medication-therapy problems, Patient perspective, Counseling, Non-pharmacological therapy.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i7.18217

Date

01-07-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 7 July 2017 Page: 246-250

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

99 Views | 111 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Retno Wahyuningrum
Doctoral Student, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Indonesia

Djoko Wahyono
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Indonesia

Mustofa Mustofa
Department of Pharmacology and Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Indonesia

Yayi Suryo Prabandari
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Center of Health Behavior and Promotion, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Indonesia


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