TOTAL PHENOLIC CONTENT AND FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY OF REPRESENTATIVE MEDICINAL PLANTS OF THAILAND


Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Periyanaina Kesika, Khontaros Chaiyasut, Piyanut Sittiyuno, Sartjin Peerajan, Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruthi

Abstract


 

 Objective: Plants are the vital source of pharmaceutically important compounds with less or no adverse side effects. The current study was conducted to catalog the commonly used indigenous and medicinal plants of Thailand based on their phenolic acid content and antioxidant activity.

Methods: The herbs were collected from Chiang Mai province, Thailand. The plants were extracted with 70% ethanol. The total phenolic acid content and antioxidant activity were evaluated.

Results: The ethanolic extract of plant samples was prepared. Among the tested plant samples, Phyllanthus emblica Linn. and Terminalia belerica Roxb. showed highest phenolic content (Gallic acid equivalent [GAE]; 764.81 mg GAE/g sample) and antioxidant activity (trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity [TEAC]; 394.20 mg/g sample), respectively. About 94-97% of inhibition of free radical was detected in 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay tested against the plant samples. The ethanolic extract of Anaxagorea luzonensis Gray., Terminalia sp., T. belerica Roxb, Terminalia chebula Retz., Albizia procera Benth., Harrisonia perforata Merr., and P. emblica Linn. exhibited 97.87, 96.08, 92.26, 86.74, 86.08, 84.47, and 83.13% of superoxide radical inhibition, respectively.

Conclusion: The results suggested that T. belerica Roxb. possessed high TEAC ability and DPPH radical scavenging capacity and A. luzonensis Gray. exhibited high superoxide scavenging activity, when compared to that of the other tested samples. The additional detailed study is desirable to understand the complexity and distribution of bioactive compounds present in the commonly used plant species of Thailand.


Keywords


Antioxidant activity, Ethanolic extract, Phenolic acids, Thai plants.

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About this article

Title

TOTAL PHENOLIC CONTENT AND FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY OF REPRESENTATIVE MEDICINAL PLANTS OF THAILAND

Topics

Phytochemicals and Antioxidants

Keywords

Antioxidant activity, Ethanolic extract, Phenolic acids, Thai plants.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i11.20741

Date

01-11-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 11 November 2017 Page: 137-141

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

15 Views | 73 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Chaiyavat Chaiyasut
Innovation Center for Holistic Health, Nutraceuticals and Cosmeceuticals, Faculty of Pharmacy, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand, Asia.
Thailand

Periyanaina Kesika
Innovation Center for Holistic Health, Nutraceuticals, and Cosmeceuticals, Faculty of Pharmacy, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai- 50200, Thailand.
Thailand

Khontaros Chaiyasut
Health Innovation Institute, Chiang Mai- 50230, Thailand. Institute of Research and Development, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University, Chiang Mai 50300, Thailand
Thailand

Piyanut Sittiyuno
Innovation Center for Holistic Health, Nutraceuticals, and Cosmeceuticals, Faculty of Pharmacy, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai- 50200, Thailand.
Thailand

Sartjin Peerajan
Health Innovation Institute, Chiang Mai- 50230, Thailand.

Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruthi
Innovation Center for Holistic Health, Nutraceuticals, and Cosmeceuticals, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai- 50200, Thailand.
Thailand


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