QUANTITATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF SOME CITRUS FRUITS OF SOUTH INDIA


Pallavi M`, Ramesh Ck, Krishna V, Sameera Parveen, Nanjunda Swamy L

Abstract


Objective: The current investigation was contemplated to evaluate the phytochemicals and in vitro antioxidant activities in peel and pulp of some commercially grown citrus fruits of South India, namely, lemon (Citrus aurantifolia), orange (Citrus reticulata), sour orange (Citrus aurantium), pomello (Citrus grandis), and citron (Citrus medica).

Methods: The peel and pulp of the fruits were separated and subjected to cold extraction using 70% alcohol. The extracts obtained were screened for the presence of their phytoconstituents using various qualitative and further quantified for major constituents. Further, the in vitro antioxidant activity was assayed by different radical scavenging methods, namely, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, superoxide anion, nitric oxide, lipid peroxidation inhibition, iron chelating activity, and reducing power assay at different concentrations.

Results: All the citrus fruits have shown significant in vitro antioxidant activity for the parameters assessed, wherein peel extracts recorded superior antioxidant potential than their corresponding pulps. The broad range of activity of the extracts suggests that multiple mechanisms mediated by the phytoconstituents are responsible for the antioxidant activity.

Conclusion: The study thus revealed that peel and pulp of citrus fruits are potential sources of bioactive compounds which are reflected in antioxidant activity and supports their health-promoting claims of plethora of investigations.


Keywords


Citrus fruits, Peel, Pulp, Qualitative and quantitative, In vitro antioxidant activity.

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About this article

Title

QUANTITATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF SOME CITRUS FRUITS OF SOUTH INDIA

Topics

Natural products,fruits,antioxidants

Keywords

Citrus fruits, Peel, Pulp, Qualitative and quantitative, In vitro antioxidant activity.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i12.20912

Date

01-12-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 12 December 2017 Page: 198-205

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

14 Views | 36 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Pallavi M`
Post-graduate Department of Studies and Research in Biotechnology, Molecular Biomedicine Laboratory, Sahyadri Science College, Kuvempu University, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
India

Ramesh Ck
Post-graduate Department of Studies and Research in Biotechnology, Molecular Biomedicine Laboratory, Sahyadri Science College, Kuvempu University, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
India

Krishna V
Post-graduate Department of Studies and Research in Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Jnana Sahyadri, Kuvempu University, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
India

Sameera Parveen
Post-graduate Department of Studies and Research in Biotechnology, Molecular Biomedicine Laboratory, Sahyadri Science College, Kuvempu University, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
India

Nanjunda Swamy L
Department of Academic Staff College, University of Mysore, Manasa Gangothri, Mysore, Karnataka, India.
India


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