A REVIEW ON SCREENING METHODS OF BREAST CANCER, CANCER BIOMARKERS AND PHYTOCONSTITUENTS AGAINST BREAST CANCER


Jayashree Venugopal, Priyanka S, Reshma A

Abstract


 

 A cancer biomarker refers to a substance or process that is used as an indicative the presence of cancer in the body. A biomarker may be a molecule secreted by a tumor or a specific response of the body to the presence of cancer. Biomarkers are utilized in three elementary ways as a diagnostic tool, prognostic tool, and predictive tool. The screening tests employed are clinical and breast exams, mammography, hereditary screening, ultrasound, and attractive reverberation imaging. Biomarkers involved in breast cancer are human epidermal growth factor-2, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, Cyclin D1, and Cyclin E. Specific bioactive phytoconstituents used as anticancer include curcumin, genistein, resveratrol, isothiocyanates, silymarin, diallyl sulfisoxazole, lycopene, apigenin, and gingerol. Hence, this review indicates the study of screening methods, various biomarkers in breast cancer and phytoconstituents against breast cancer.


Keywords


Cancer biomarker, Breast cancer, Phytoconstituents, Screening methods.

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References


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About this article

Title

A REVIEW ON SCREENING METHODS OF BREAST CANCER, CANCER BIOMARKERS AND PHYTOCONSTITUENTS AGAINST BREAST CANCER

Keywords

Cancer biomarker, Breast cancer, Phytoconstituents, Screening methods.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i12.21039

Date

01-12-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 12 December 2017 Page: 17-21

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

19 Views | 46 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Jayashree Venugopal
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University, Pallavaram, Chennai - 600 117, Tamil Nadu, India
India

Priyanka S
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University, Pallavaram, Chennai - 600 117, Tamil Nadu, India
India

Reshma A
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University, Pallavaram, Chennai - 600 117, Tamil Nadu, India
India


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