• Tanvir Kaur Department of Microbiology, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara - 144 402, Punjab, India.
  • Chayanika Putatunda Department of Microbiology, DAV University, Jalandhar - 144 012, Punjab, India.
  • Aroma Oberoi Department of Microbiology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana - 141 008, Punjab, India.
  • Ashish Vyas Department of Microbiology, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara - 144 402, Punjab, India.
  • Gaurav Kumar Department of Microbiology, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara - 144 402, Punjab, India.



Acinetobacter sp, Intensive care units, Nosocomial infections, Drug resistance


Objective: This study was designed to study the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Acinetobacter sp. as isolated from patients lodged in intensive care units (ICUs) of a tertiary care hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Methods: The clinical samples were simultaneously streaked on Blood agar and MacConkey agar. The identification of the bacterial isolates was carried out with the aid of Gram stain, motility test and along with a combination of other commonly employed biochemical tests. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of all the bacterial isolates was carried out on Muller-Hinton agar through Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method.

Results: Acinetobacter sp. formed a fair allowance contributing at 42% among all ICU culture positive samples. The respiratory tract samples had a major share at 63.15% for all samples attributed to be positive for Acinetobacter sp. nosocomial etiology. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern portrayed that more than 95% of Acinetobacter sp. isolates were multiple drug resistant (MDR) whereas >50% Acinetobacter sp. showed extensive drug resistant (XDR). The last resort for such Acinetobacter sp. nosocomial infections is left to colistin and polymyxin B.

Conclusion: Acinetobacter sp. is a highly prevalent microorganism among ICU patients of Ludhiana, Punjab, India, while its potential to acquire resistance toward commonly used antibiotics represents it as a grave threat to the health-care industry, therefore signifying the need for its regular monitoring in the health-care setups.


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How to Cite

Kaur, T., C. Putatunda, A. Oberoi, A. Vyas, and G. Kumar. “PREVALENCE AND DRUG RESISTANCE IN ACINETOBACTER SP. ISOLATED FROM INTENSIVE CARE UNITS PATIENTS IN PUNJAB, INDIA”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 11, no. 14, July 2018, pp. 88-93, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11s2.28590.



Original Article(s)