A STUDY TO ASSESS KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE ON BREAST CANCER AMONG WOMEN IN GOVERNMENT GENERAL HOSPITAL
Objectives: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in women worldwide and it accounts for 27% of all cancer cases among women in India. This study aims to assess the awareness of the patients regarding the breast cancer and also to check their knowledge towards the symptoms of breast cancer as well as the breast self examination process. This study also determines the attitude of patients regarding the breast cancer and breast self-examination.
Methods: A prospective educational study was done using a predesigned questionnaire on 523 patients in a tertiary care teaching hospital for a period of six months. All women greater than 20 years admitted in the department of General medicine and General surgery in-patient female ward of SVRRGGH were included in the study.
RESULTS: Out of 523 women, a greater proportion respondents 515(98%) had poor knowledge of breast cancer. 281(53%) shows positive attitude while 225(43%) shows neutral attitude and 17(4%) shows negative attitude towards breast cancer. Only 18(0.3%) know how to perform breast self examination while the remaining patients have never performed the breast self-examination. 201(38%) has agreed to consult a doctor if they found any lumps in the breast where as the remaining did not respond. After the counseling session with patients their knowledge regarding the above problems related to breast cancer has significantly increased.
CONCLUSION: Majority of the participants had poor knowledge of breast cancer as well as low level of practice of breast cancer screening procedures. But patients do have a positive attitude towards the breast cancer which can help to detect the cancer in early stages. So, a greater focus on providing breast cancer education programs can create awareness among women in respect to screening programs which in turn can decrease the risk of death due to its late discovery.
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