A STUDY ON ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIBING PATTERN IN OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASE INPATIENTS


Lakshmi R

Abstract


ABSTRACT
Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to estimate the demographic details of patients with obstructive lung disease and to study the
various organisms causing exacerbations and its resistance pattern and also to analyze the culture and sensitivity pattern in obstructive lung disease
patients.
Methods: It was a retrospective, observational study carried out for 1 year at the Department of Pulmonary Medicine of a tertiary care teaching
hospital in Kerala, India. Total 200 patients who were admitted under the pulmonary ward during the time period from 1
June 2014
and who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. A standardized data collection form was prepared, and necessary
data were collected from patient’s medical records.
Results: The maximum number of patients was in the age group of 60‑69. 61% patients were residing in the urban area. 32.5% of patients were found
to have a history of smoking. 61% patients were diagnosed with the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 74.5% sample collected were
sputum. Culture test alone was carried out for 48.5%. 88% were prescribed with cephalosporin. Among the cephalosporin class cefpodoxime was the
most commonly prescribed (63%). 42 patients had two drug therapy.
Conclusion: A periodic study on the usage of antibiotics and sensitivity pattern in the hospital will enable the health care professionals to select the
appropriate one to promote the rational use of antibiotics.
Key words: Asthma, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Exacerbation, Antibiotics.
st
June 2013 to 1
st


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About this article

Title

A STUDY ON ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIBING PATTERN IN OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASE INPATIENTS

Date

01-01-2016

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 9 Issue 1 (January-February) 2016 Page: 260-262

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

196 Views | 342 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Lakshmi R
Amrita School of Pharmacy, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University
India


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