INSECTICIDAL AND GENOTOXIC POTENTIAL OF ACORUS CALAMUS RHIZOME EXTRACT AGAINST DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER
Objectives: Insect pest problems in agriculture have a considerable shift during first decade of 21st century due to global climate changes. Various
synthetic insecticides were used from last 50 years to overcome the pest problem, but major concerns in using these pesticides were: Public health
and pesticide resistance in pests. To abolish the catastrophic effect of synthetic insecticides, urgent need to develop new drugs for pest control. In this
study we evaluate the insecticidal and genotoxic activity of ethanolic extract of Acorus calamus rhizome against Drosophila melanogaster.
Methods: Different concentration of ethanolic extracts of A. calamus, fed to different developmental stages of D. melanogaster to determine insecticidal
activity and genotoxicity; genotoxicity was determined by the comet assay in male flies.
Results: Lethal concentration 50 (LC50) values of ethanolic extract against larvae, adult males and females of D. melanogaster were 109.54, 52.51 and
41.11 mg/L respectively. Genotoxicity of adultâ€™s flies were determined at 30 and 55 mg/L ethanolic extract of A. calamus, The mean comet tail length
was 4.24Â±0.653 Î¼m and 6.13Â±0.721 Î¼m and the respective DNA damage was 5.1% and 7.3% with reference to controls.
Conclusion: The present finding suggests that ethanolic extract of A. calamus rhizome showed higher insecticidal potential in adults than larvae
of D. melanogaster. Results from genotoxicity studies further support the insecticidal activity against adult stages of D. melanogaster. The study
reflects ethanolic extract of A. calamus could be used as an alternative pest control negotiator for minimizing the noxious effects of pesticides in the
Keywords: Insecticidal activity, Genotoxicity, Ethanolic extract, Botanical pesticides, Acorus calamus, Drosophila melanogaster.
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