THE EFFECT OF THE POP-UP BOOK AKU DAN GIGIKU ON BLOOD PRESSURE IN CHILDREN AGED 4–6 YEARS


Kusuma P Adriani, Margaretha Suharsini, Eva Fauziah2, Meutia D Citrawuni

Abstract


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the pop-up book Aku dan gigiku as an intervention strategy in reducing anxiety in young children before dentaltreatment.

Methods: 78 children aged 4–6 years were randomly divided into two groups: An intervention group with the pop-up book intervention and a control group without the pop-up book intervention. They were placed in a waiting room, and their blood pressure was measured. The experimental design of this clinical research was statistically analyzed using independent t-tests to compare decreased blood pressure between the intervention and control groups.

Results: The result of the study revealed that there was a statistically significant difference in decreased blood pressure with the intervention of the pop-up book Aku dan gigiku. As dental anxiety leads to undesirable distresses, it generates physiological changes such as blood pressure. Interventions should thus be undertaken to reduce dentalanxiety, and the pop-up book is an example of an intervention medium as it educates children and presents interesting illustrations.

Conclusion: The pop-up book Aku dan gigiku thus appears to be an effective method in reducing anxiety in children aged 4–6 years when used as an intervention strategy before dental treatment.

 


Keywords


Blood pressure, Children, Anxiety

| PDF |

References


Al-Khotani A, Bello LA, Christidis N. Effects of audiovisual distraction on children’s behaviour during dental treatment: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Acta Odontol Scand2016;74:494-501.

McKay KA, Buen JE, Bohan KJ, Maye JP. Determining the relationship of acute stress, anxiety, and salivary alpha-amylase level with performance of student nurse anesthetists during human-based anesthesia simulator training. AANA J 2010;78:301-9.

Armfield JM, Heaton LJ. Management of fear and anxiety in the dental clinic: A review. Aust Dent J 2013;58:390-407.

Viswanath D, Kumar M, Prabhuji P. Dental anxiety, fear and phobia in children. Int J Dent Res Dev 2014;4:1-14.

Samra-Quintero PA, Bernardoni-Socorro C, Borjas AM,

Fuenmayor NR, Estévez J,Arteaga-Vizcaíno M, et al. Changesin blood pressure in children undergoing psychological treatment before dental procedures. Acta Odontol Latinoam 2006;19:9-12.

Rodrigues Gomes SS, Barretobezerra AC, Maia Prado AC. Salivary biomarkers, vital signs and behaviour of pre-school children during their first dental visit. Eur J Paediatr Dent 2013;14:279-83.

Stark LJ, Allen KD, Hurst M, Nash DA, Rigney B, Stokes TF, et al. Distraction: Its utilization and efficacy with children undergoing dental treatment. J Appl Behav Anal1989;22:297-307.

Aryani D. Buku Cerita Bergambar Sebagai Media Promosi

Kesehatan untuk Prevensi Dini Kekerasan Seksual pada Siswa SD di Kota. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gajah Mada; 2009.

Paramastri I, Prawitasari JE, Prabandari YS, Ekowarni E. Booklet as a preventive media of child sexual abuse. J Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional 2011;6:77-84.

VerslootJ, Veerkamp J, Hoogstraten J. Dental anxiety and psychological functioning in children: Its relationship with behaviour during treatment. EurArch Paediatr Dent 2008;9 Suppl 1:36-40.




About this article

Title

THE EFFECT OF THE POP-UP BOOK AKU DAN GIGIKU ON BLOOD PRESSURE IN CHILDREN AGED 4–6 YEARS

Keywords

Blood pressure, Children, Anxiety

DOI

10.22159/ijap.2017.v9s2.45

Date

01-01-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics
Vol. 9, Special Issue 2 (Dec.), 2017 Page: 165-167

Online ISSN

0975-7058

Authors & Affiliations

Kusuma P Adriani
Pediatric Dentistry Residency Program, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Indonesia

Margaretha Suharsini
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Indonesia

Eva Fauziah2
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Indonesia

Meutia D Citrawuni
Pediatric Dentistry Residency Program, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta,
Indonesia


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.