ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF 0.1% CHLORINE DIOXIDE ON ACTINOMYCES SP. AS AN AGENT OF BLACK STAIN


Maria Clarissa Eunike, Eva Fauziah, Margaretha Suharsini

Abstract


Objective: This study aimed to assess the antibacterial effects of 0.1% chlorine dioxide and 0.1% chlorhexidine mouthrinses on the bacterial viability of Actinomyces sp. as an agent of black stain.

Methods: The authors conducted a clinical trial involving 16 children ages 6–11 with at least 8 black-stained teeth. Subjects were randomized into 2 groups and instructed to rinse with chlorine dioxide or chlorhexidine mouthrinse twice daily. At baseline and after 7 days, samples of black stain plaque were collected, and Actinomyces sp. was cultured. Its bacterial viability was evaluated using an 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay.

Results: After 7 days, Actinomyces sp. viability was remarkably reduced in both groups, and there was a significantly higher reduction in viability in the 0.1% chlorine dioxide group than there was in the 0.1% chlorhexidine group.

Conclusion: Mouthrinse containing 0.1% chlorine dioxide has a greater antibacterial effect against Actinomyces sp. than mouthrinse containing 0.1% chlorhexidine.


Keywords


Actinomyces sp., Black stain, Bacterial viability, Chlorine dioxide, Chlorhexidine

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About this article

Title

ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF 0.1% CHLORINE DIOXIDE ON ACTINOMYCES SP. AS AN AGENT OF BLACK STAIN

Keywords

Actinomyces sp., Black stain, Bacterial viability, Chlorine dioxide, Chlorhexidine

DOI

10.22159/ijap.2017.v9s2.19

Date

01-01-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics
Vol. 9, Special Issue 2 (Dec.), 2017 Page: 79-82

Online ISSN

0975-7058

Statistics

80 Views | 81 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Maria Clarissa Eunike
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Eva Fauziah
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Indonesia

Margaretha Suharsini
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia


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