COMPARISON OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF GARLIC AGAINST AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC BACTERIA

Authors

  • K. G. DHANUSH Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kuthambakam, Chennai 600124, Tamilnadu
  • S. S. M. UMAMAGESWARI Department of Microbiology, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kuthambakam, Chennai 600124, Tamilnadu
  • M. MALAVIKA Department of Microbiology, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kuthambakam, Chennai 600124, Tamilnadu
  • G. BHUVANESHWARI Department of Microbiology, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kuthambakam, Chennai 600124, Tamilnadu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159/ijcpr.2021v13i1.40811

Keywords:

Antibacterial activity, Garlic, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens and Agar cup diffusion technique

Abstract

Objective: To compare the antibacterial activity of garlic against aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.

Methods: Antimicrobial activity of garlic is performed by Agar cup diffusion technique for 3 bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli and clostridium perfringens.

Results: By performing the technique with proper guidance, it is observed that the Staphylococcus aureus specimen shows sensitivity to garlic whereas the other two specimens Escherichia coli and clostridium perfringens doesn’t show any sensitivity to garlic.

Conclusion: Due to its vast antibacterial activity of garlic, it can be used along with other antibiotics to increase its efficiency.

References

1. Kyu Hang Kyung, Kyung Suk Park, Youn Soon Kim. “BeIsolation and characterization of bacteria resistant to the antimicrobial activity of garlic” J Food Sci 1996;61:226-9.
2. Tendency, Eleonor A. Disk diffusion method. SEAFDEC, Aquaculture Department Japan, Chapter 2; 2004. p. 14-29.
3. FC Groppo, JC Ramacciato, RHL Motta, PM Ferraresi. A sartoratto activity of garlic against oral streptococci. Int J Dental Hygiene 2007;5:109-15.
4. E Noori S Al-Waili, Khelod Y Saloom, M Akmal, Thia N Al-Waili, Ali N Al-Waili, Hamza Al-Waili, et al. Heating, storage, and ultraviolet exposure on antimicrobial activity of garlic juice. J Med Food 2007;10:208-12.
5. Obi CL, Mazarura E. Aerobic bacteria isolated from blood cultures of patients and their antibiotic susceptibilities in Harare, Zimbabwe. Cent Afr J Med 1996;42(Suppl 12):332–6.
6. Brook I. Enhancement of growth of aerobic and facultative bacteria in mixed infections with Bacteroides species. Infect Immun 1985;50:929-31.
7. Gorbach SL, JG Bartlett. Anaerobic infections. N Engl J Med 1974;290:1177-84, 1237-45, 1289-94.
8. Tong SY, Davis JS, Eichenberger E, Holland TL, Fowler VG Jr. Staphylococcus aureus infections: epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and management. Clin Microbiol Rev 2015;28:603-61.
9. Alexander TJL, Gyles CL. Escherichia coli in domestic animals and humans. Wallingford, United Kingdom: CAB International; 1994. p. 151–70.
10. James P Nataro, James B Kaper. Diarrheagenic escherichia coli. Clin Microbiol Rev 1998;11:142–201.
11. Kiu R, Hall LJ. An update on the human and animal enteric pathogen clostridium perfringens. Emerg Microbes Infect 2018;7:141.
12. Stevens DL, Aldape MJ, Bryant AE. Life-threatening clostridial infections. Anaerobe 2012;18:254-9.

Published

2021-01-15

How to Cite

DHANUSH, K. G., S. S. M. UMAMAGESWARI, M. MALAVIKA, and G. BHUVANESHWARI. “COMPARISON OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF GARLIC AGAINST AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC BACTERIA”. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 13, no. 1, Jan. 2021, pp. 44-46, doi:10.22159/ijcpr.2021v13i1.40811.

Issue

Section

Original Article(s)

Most read articles by the same author(s)