A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ACACIA SEYAL STEM, STEM WOOD AND STEM BARK DRY DISTILLATES USED BY SUDANESES WOMEN AS COSMETIC AND MEDICINE


Ikram Mohamed Eltayeb, Itmad Awad Elhassan, Jihad Hasab Elrasoul, Eiman Salah Eldind

Abstract


Objective: The content and chemical composition of dry distillates of the stem, stem wood and stem bark of Acacia seyal were investigated. The distillates are fumigants of A. seyal locally known in Sudan as Dokhan and widely used for its cosmetic, aromatic and medicinal value for the treatment of candidiasis, genital yeast infection, urinary tract infection, diarrhoea, respiratory tract infection, skin infection and with potent, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.

Methods: The dry distillates were prepared by dry distillation method from the Acacia seyal stem, stem wood and stem bark and investigated chemically by GC-MS analysis.

Results: The percentage yield of dry distillates (Dokhan) wer found to be 4.0 %, 4.8%, 1.4.1% v/w for stem, stem wood and stem bark respectively. GC-MS analysis revealed the presence of one hundred and twenty three constituents in the stem distillate with major constituents of solerone (7.27%), furfural (7.15%), catechol (7.11%), syringol (5.56%), allo-inositol (4.86%), mequinol (4.81%), furfuralcohol (3.35%), 3-methyl-1,2-cyclopentanedione (3.24%), phenol (2.73%), homovanillyl alcohol (2.56%) and 3-cresol (2.11%). the wood distillate show detection of eighty compounds, with main compounds: 1, 3-dimethyl-5-methoxypyrazol (10.61%), syringol (6.75%), furfuralcohol (5.24%), mequinol (4.49%), 1,2-anhydro-3,4,5,6-alloinositol (4.26%), 3-methyl-1,2-cyclopentanedione (3.42%), catechol (3.37%), 3-methoxycatechol (3.22%), homovanillyl alcohol (2.78%), homosyringic acid (2.40%), 3-cresol (2.18%), 3-methyl-2-cyclopentenone (2.44%) and 1,2-cyclopentanedione (2.03%). Sixty six compounds were detected in the distillate bark and the main compounds were found to be hexadecanoic (62.83%), catechol (3.38%), tetrapentacontane (3.18%), phenol (2.72%), mequinol (2.30%) and 2-ethylfurane (2.22%).

Conclusion: The result concludes that the medicinal Sudanese Dokhan have good potential as sources of different bioactive compounds and antioxidants.


Keywords


Chemical composition, Dry distillates, Acacia, seyal, Stem, Stem wood, Stem bark

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About this article

Title

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ACACIA SEYAL STEM, STEM WOOD AND STEM BARK DRY DISTILLATES USED BY SUDANESES WOMEN AS COSMETIC AND MEDICINE

Keywords

Chemical composition, Dry distillates, Acacia, seyal, Stem, Stem wood, Stem bark

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i11.21802

Date

01-11-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 9, Issue 11, 2017 Page: 218-224

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Statistics

46 Views | 18 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Ikram Mohamed Eltayeb
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Sudan

Itmad Awad Elhassan
Pharmaceutical Industries Department, Industrial Research and Consultancy Centre, Ministry of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Sudan

Jihad Hasab Elrasoul
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan

Eiman Salah Eldind
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan


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