GREEN SYNTHESIS OF SUPERPARAMAGNETIC IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLE FROM FICUS CARICA FRUIT EXTRACT, CHARACTERIZATION STUDIES AND ITS APPLICATION ON DYE DEGRADATION STUDIES
Objective: The synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs) has become a matter of great interest in recent times due to their various advantageous properties
and applications in a variety of fields. Metal NPs are being increasingly used in many sectors, and there is growing interest in the biological and
environmental safety of their production.
Methods: In this study, iron oxide NPs (Fe3O4-NPs) were synthesized from fruits of Ficus carica using a rapid, single step and completely green
biosynthetic method by reduction of ferrous sulfate solution with F. carica ethanolic extract. The prepared Fe3O4-NPs were investigated by X-ray
diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy.
Results: The report emphasizes the effect of superparamagnetic Fe3O4-NPs on the degradation rate of hazardous dyes acid blue.
Conclusion: To conclude, Fe3O4-NPs were prepared from fruits of F. carica using a rapid, single step and completely green biosynthetic method by
reduction of ferrous sulfate solution with F. carica ethanolic extract.
Keywords: Ficus carica, Ethanolic extract, Reduction, Ferrous sulfate, Superparamagnetic iron oxide nano particles, Dye degradation.
1. Chatterjee K, Sarkar S, Jagajjanani Rao K, Paria S. Core/shell nanoparticles in biomedical applications. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 2014;209:8-39.
2. Lu AH, Salabas EL, SchÃ¼th F. Magnetic nanoparticles: Synthesis, protection, functionalization, and application. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2007;46(8):1222-44.
3. Mody VV, Siwale R, Singh A, Mody HR. Introduction to metallic nanoparticles. J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2010;2(4):282-9.
4. Gupta AK, Gupta M. Synthesis and surface engineering of iron oxide nanoparticles for biomedical applications. Biomaterials 2005;26(18):3995-4021.
5. Yeary LW, Ji WM, Love LJ, Thompson JR, Rawn CJ, Phelps TJ. Magnetic properties of biosynthesized magnetitenanoparticles. Magn IEEE Trans 2005;41:4384-9.
6. Roh Y, Vali H, Phelps TJ, Moon JW. Extracellular synthesis of magnetite and metal-substituted magnetite nanoparticles. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2006;6(11):3517-20.
7. Senthil M, Ramesh C. Biogenic synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles using Tridax procumbens leaf extract and its antibacterial activity on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Digest J Nanomater Bio Struct 2012;7:1655-60.
8. Manikandan N, Kuzhali SS, Kumuthakalavalli R. Biodegradation of textile dye by using achromobacterxylosoxidans GRIRKNM11 isolated from dye polluted site, Journal of Environ Anal Toxicol 2012;2(160):2.
9. Sun YP, Li XQ, Zhang WX, Wang HP. A method for the preparation of stable dispersion of zero-valent iron nanoparticles. Colloids Surf A 2008;308:60-6.
10. Kang SF, Liao CH, Po ST. Decolorization of textile wastewater by photo-fenton oxidation technology. Chemosphere 2000;41(8):1287-94.
11. Deng Y, Wang L, Yang W, Fu S, Elaissari A. Preparation of magnetic polymeric particles via inverse microemulsion polymerization process. J Magn Magn Mater 2003;257:69-78.
12. Franger S, Berthet P, Berthon J. Electrochemical synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in alkaline aqueous solutions containing complexing agents. J Solid State Electrochem 2004;8:218-23.
13. Hua J, Yong, HQ. Controlled synthesis and magnetic properties of Fe3O4 walnut spherical particles and octahedral microcrystals. Sci Chin Technol Sci 2008;5:1911-20.
14. Islam N, Phong LV, Jeong JR, Kim CG. A facile route to sonochemical synthesis of magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles. J Thin Solid Films 2011;519:8277-9.
15. Wu W, He Q, Jiang C. Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis and surface functionalization strategies. Nanoscale Res Lett 2008;3:397-415.
16. Kulkarni SV, Blackwell CD, Blackard AL, Stackhocese CW, Alexander MW. Textile Dyes and Dyeing Equipment, Classification, Properties and Environmental Aspects. NC (EPA-600/2-85/010). Research Triangle Park, NC: US Environmental Protection Agency; 1985.
17. Zollinger H. Color Chemistry: Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Organic and Pigments. New York: Wiley-VCH; 1987. p. 543-66.
18. Saravanan M, Prakash NK, Arasu M, Vijayakumar B, Vincent S. Enhanced antibacterial activity of iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles
Fig. 3: X-ray diffractometer pattern of Iron oxide nanoparticle
Fig. 4: Variation of dye concentration with time reduction in ultraviolet-visible absorption peaks with time
Fig. 5: Iron nanoparticles
Asian J Pharm Clin Res, Vol 10, Issue 3, 2017, 125-128
Tharunya et al.
treated with Argemone mexicana leaf extract: An in vitro study. Mater Res Bull 2013;48:3323-7.
19. Awwad AM, Salem NM. A green and facile approach for synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2012;2(6):208-13.
20. Guo L, Liu G, Hong RY, Li HZ. Preparation and characterization of chitosan poly(acrylic acid) magnetic microspheres. Mar Drugs 2010;8:2212-22.
21. Frelink T, Visscher W, Veen J. Particle size effect of carbon supported platinum catalysts for the electro oxidation of methanol. J Electroanal Chem 1995;382:65-72.
22. Falicov LM, Somorjai GA. Correlation between catalytic activity and bonding and coordination number of atoms and molecules on transition metal surfaces: Theory and experimental evidence. Proc Natl Acad Sci India Sect B Biol Sci 1985; 82: 2207-11
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.