FATTY ACIDS CONTENT OF KAHAI (CARYODENDRON ORINOCENSE KARST) SEEDS CULTIVATED IN AMAZONIAN OF ECUADOR
Keywords:Kahai, Caryodendron orinocense Karst, Fatty acids, Nil, Methyl ester
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify fatty acids present in a kahai oil sample cultivated in the Amazonian area of Ecuador.
Methods: Kahai oil was obtained from kahai seeds using the cold pressing method. Fatty acids analysis was carried out using the gas chromatography with a mass selective detector and using the database Library NIST 14.L to identify the compounds.
Results: Kahai seeds have 62.36% of total lipids. Kahai seeds have a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids with 68.04% of linoleic acid and 2.90% of linolenic acid. Kahai oil has 18.59% of monounsaturated fatty acids of oleic acid. Kahai oil only has 7.0% of palmitic acid and 3.47% of stearic acid.
Conclusions: Kahai oil is a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids omega 6 and has a good proportion of monounsaturated fatty acid omega 9. This oil can be used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical and functional foods for their composition of fatty acids. Kahai oil can be an alternative of crop to indigenous communities in the Amazonian area of Ecuador.
Alfaro Mde J, Alvarez I, El Khor S, de Padilla FC. Functional properties of a protein product from Caryodendron orinocense (Barinas nut). Arch Latinoam Nutr 2004;54:223-8.
Perez RM, Alfaro MJ, Padilla FC. Evaluation of nuez Barinasâ€ (Caryondredon orinocense) oil for possible use in cosmetic. Int J Cosmetic Sci 1999;21:151-8.
Radice M, Viafara D, Neill D, Asanza M, Sacchetti G, Guerrini A, et al. Chemical characterization and antioxidant activity of Amazonian (Ecuador) Caryodendron orinocense karst. And Bactris gasipaes kunth seed oils. J Oleo Sci 2014;63:1243-50.
Alfaro MJ, Padilla FC. Evaluation of â€˜nuez de Barinasâ€™ (Caryodendron orinocense) oil for possible use in cosmetic. Int J Cosmetic Sci 1999;21:151-8.
Alfaro Mde J, de Padilla FC. Physico-chemical characteristics of the Barinas nut (Caryodendron orinocense karst. Euphorbiaceae) crude oil. Arch Latinoam Nutr 1994;44:172-5.
Stevenson DG, Eller FJ, Wang L, Jane JL, Wang T, Inglett GE, et al. Oil and tocopherol content and composition of pumpkin seed oil in 12 cultivars. J Agric Food Chem 2007;55:4005-13.
GutiÃ©rrez LF, Rosada LM, JimÃ©nez A. Chemical composition of sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) seeds and characteristics of their lipid fraction. Grasas Aceites 2011;62:76-83.
House SD, Larson PA, Johnson RR, De Vries JW, Martin DL. Gas chromatographic determination of total fat extracted from food samples using hydrolysis in the presence of antioxidant. J Assoc Off Anal Chem 1994;77:960-5.
Christie WW. Mass Spectrometry of Fatty Acid Derivatives; 2014. Available from: http://www.lipidlibrary.aocs.org/ms/masspec.html. [Last accessed on 2017 Mar 14].
Amaral JS, Casal S, Pereira JA, Seabra RM, Oliveira BP. Determination of sterol and fatty acid compositions, oxidative stability, and nutritional value of six walnuts (Juglans regia L.) cultivars grown in Portugal. J Agric Food Chem 2003;51:7698-702.
Mao X, Hua Y, Chen G. Chemical composition, molecular weight distribution, secondary structure and effect of NaCl on functional properties of walnut (Juglans regia L) protein isolates and concentrates. J Food Sci Technol 2014;5:1473-82.
Fanali C, Dugo L, Cacciola F, Beccaria M, Grasso S, DachÃ M, et al. Chemical characterization of sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) oil. J Agric Food Chem 2011;59:13043-9.
FDA. Qualified Health Claims: Letter of Enforcement Discretion - Walnuts and Coronary Heart Disease. Washington, DC: Food and Drug Administration; 2014.
Hardy G. Nutraceuticals and functional foods: Introduction and meaning. Nutrition 2000;16:688-9.
Perugu S, Vemula R, Rao MV. Walnut pedunculagin a probable serm for breast cancer treatment. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2014;7:233-5.
Lloyd-Jones DM, Hong Y, Labarthe D, Mozaffarian D, Appel LJ, Van Horn L, et al. Defining and setting national goals for cardiovascular health promotion and disease reduction: The American heart associationâ€™s strategic impact goal through 2020 and beyond. Circulation 2010;121:586-613.
Dyer JM, Stymne S, Green AG, Carlsson AS. High value oils in plants. Plant J 2008;54:640-55.
Dhifi W, Khedher MB, Bellili S, Sadaka C, Wakim L, El Beyrouthy M, et al. Effects of olive drying and storage on the oxidative status, aroma, chlorophyll and fatty acids composition of olive oil. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2014;7:102-8.
Carrillo W, Quinteros MF, Carpio C, Morales D, Vasquez G, Alvarez M, et al. Identification of fatty acids in sacha inchi oil (Pluketenia volubilis L.) from Ecuador. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2017;10:303-6.
Carrillo W, Carrillo C, Carpio C, Morales D, Vilcacundo E, Alvarez M, et al. Characterization of fatty acids in sambo oil (Cucurbita ficifolia L.) from Ecuador. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2017;10:303-6.
Carrillo W, Carpio C, Morales D, Vilcacundo E, Alvarez M. Fatty acids composition in Macadamia seeds oil (Macadamia integrifolia) from Ecuador. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2017;10:303-6.
Iqbal M, Bhatti IA, Shahid M, Nisar J. Physicochemical characterization, microbial decontamination and shelf life analysis of walnut (Juglans regia L) oil extracted from gamma radiation treated seeds. Int Soc Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 2016;6:116-22.
How to Cite
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.