FATTY ACIDS CONTENT OF KAHAI (CARYODENDRON ORINOCENSE KARST) SEEDS CULTIVATED IN AMAZONIAN OF ECUADOR

Authors

  • Carrillo W Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7609-2939
  • Greffa J Polytechnic School of Chimborazo, Riobamba, Ecuador.
  • Vinueza D Polytechnic School of Chimborazo, Riobamba, Ecuador.
  • Álvarez M Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador.
  • Silva M Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador.
  • Carpio C Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador.
  • Morales D Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i2.16109

Keywords:

Kahai, Caryodendron orinocense Karst, Fatty acids, Nil, Methyl ester

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify fatty acids present in a kahai oil sample cultivated in the Amazonian area of Ecuador.

Methods: Kahai oil was obtained from kahai seeds using the cold pressing method. Fatty acids analysis was carried out using the gas chromatography with a mass selective detector and using the database Library NIST 14.L to identify the compounds.

Results: Kahai seeds have 62.36% of total lipids. Kahai seeds have a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids with 68.04% of linoleic acid and 2.90% of linolenic acid. Kahai oil has 18.59% of monounsaturated fatty acids of oleic acid. Kahai oil only has 7.0% of palmitic acid and 3.47% of stearic acid.

Conclusions: Kahai oil is a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids omega 6 and has a good proportion of monounsaturated fatty acid omega 9. This oil can be used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical and functional foods for their composition of fatty acids. Kahai oil can be an alternative of crop to indigenous communities in the Amazonian area of Ecuador.

Author Biographies

Carrillo W, Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador.

Facultad de Ciencia e Ingeería en Aliementos

Greffa J, Polytechnic School of Chimborazo, Riobamba, Ecuador.

ESPOCH

Vinueza D, Polytechnic School of Chimborazo, Riobamba, Ecuador.

ESPOCH

Álvarez M, Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador.

FCIAL

Silva M, Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador.

FCIAL

Carpio C, Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador.

FCIAL

Morales D, Laboratory of Functional Foods, Faculty of Foods Science and Engineering, Technical University of Ambato, Avenue Los Chasquis y Rio Payamino, Campus Huachi, CP 1801334, Ambato, Ecuador.

FCIAL

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Published

2018-02-01

How to Cite

W, C., G. J, V. D, Álvarez M, S. M, C. C, and M. D. “FATTY ACIDS CONTENT OF KAHAI (CARYODENDRON ORINOCENSE KARST) SEEDS CULTIVATED IN AMAZONIAN OF ECUADOR”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 11, no. 2, Feb. 2018, pp. 399-02, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i2.16109.

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