EFFECT OF HYDROPHILICITY SURFACTANTS TOWARD CHARACTERIZATION AND IN VITRO TRANSFERSOMES PENETRATION IN GELS USING FRANZ DIFFUSION TEST


Wiranti Anggraini, Erny Sagita, Iskandarsyah Iskandarsyah

Abstract


Objective: Capsaicin is a bioactive compound with poor solubility in water. Transfersomes can increase the solubility and thus the penetration of
capsaicin into the epidermis. Transfersomes also offer the advantage of being ultradeformable vesicles that are made using the thin layer hydration
method. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of the hydrophilicity of surfactants on the characterization and in vitro penetrative ability of
capsaicin transfersomes in gels using non-ionic surfactants with different hydrophile-lipophile balances, namely, Span 80, Tween 80, and a mixture
of Span 80, and Tween 80.
Methods: The best characterization result for transfersomes is the formula using Tween 80. The total cumulative amount of capsaicin penetrated
from the transfersome gel using Tween 80 is 1663.89±1.58 mg/cm2, the percentage is 57.96±0.05%, and the flux is 166.38±0.15 μg/cm2.hr−1.
Results: In terms of the transfersome gel using a mixture of Span 80 and Tween 80, the cumulative amount of capsaicin penetrated is
1539.8±21.23 μg/cm2, the percentage is 54.47±0.75%, and the flux is 153.98±2.12 μg/cm2.hr−1. Finally, from the transfersome gel using Span 80, the
cumulative amount of capsaicin penetrated is 1395.10±7.23 mg/cm2, the percentage is 50.80±0.26%, and the flux is 139.51±0.72 mg/cm2.hr−1.
Conclusions: The best characteristics resulted from the transfersome formulation using Tween 80, which demonstrated the highest entrapment
efficiency calculation result, the smallest particle size, the best deformability index, and the highest penetration when compared to the other two
formulations.


Keywords


Transfersome, Capsaicin, Non-ionic surfactants, Hydrophilicity, Transfersome gel, Penetration study.

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Fig. 1: The transmission electron microscope result for the

transfersome suspension using Span 80

Fig. 2: The transmission electron microscope result for the

transfersome suspension using a Span 80 and Tween 80 mixture

Fig. 3: The transmission electron microscope result for the

transfersome suspension using Tween 80

Fig. 4: Capsaicin cumulative penetration for transfersome gel

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About this article

Title

EFFECT OF HYDROPHILICITY SURFACTANTS TOWARD CHARACTERIZATION AND IN VITRO TRANSFERSOMES PENETRATION IN GELS USING FRANZ DIFFUSION TEST

Keywords

Transfersome, Capsaicin, Non-ionic surfactants, Hydrophilicity, Transfersome gel, Penetration study.

DOI

10.22159/ijap.2017.v9s1.67_74

Date

30-10-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics
Vol. 9, Special Issue (Oct.), 2017 [PTMDS 2017] Page: 112-115

Online ISSN

0975-7058

Statistics

8 Views | 18 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Wiranti Anggraini
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Indonesia

Erny Sagita
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Indonesia

Iskandarsyah Iskandarsyah
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Indonesia


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