LIGHT-CURING DISTANCE AND RESIN THICKNESS EFFECTS ON THE SHORTFIBERâ€“REINFORCED RESIN COMPOSITES' DEPTH OF CURE
Objective: This study evaluated the light-curing distance and resin thickness effects on the depth of cure of short fiberâ€“reinforced resin composites (SFRCs).
Methods: Fifteen SFRC specimens with a diameter of 6Â mm and thickness of 4Â mm were divided into groups (n=5) with light-curing distances of 0, 2, and 4Â mm. Another 15Â specimens with a diameter of 6Â mm and thicknesses of 3, 4, and 5Â mm (n=5) were subjected to a 0-mm light-curing distance. Microhardness tests were conducted using a Vickers hardness tester (load: 200Â g; dwell time: 15 s), and the depth of cure was assessed by calculating the hardness ratio of the bottom to the top surface (%). Statistical tests included one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by post hoc Fisher's LSD tests.
Results: The depths of cure with 0-, 2-, and 4-mm light-curing distances were 79.0Â±0.7%, 77.0Â±0.6%, and 75.0Â±0.8%, while those with thicknesses of 3, 4, and 5Â mm were 81.0Â±1.0%, 78.2Â±1.0%, and 34.4Â±2.0%, respectively. Significant differences (p<0.05) in the depth of cure were found in all groups.Conclusion: A depth of cure >80% was only attained with a 3-mm resin thickness and 0-mm light-curing distance.
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