EFFECTIVENESS OF A JAVANESE TURMERIC ETHANOL EXTRACT FOR ERADICATING STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS AND PORPHYROMONAS GINGIVALIS BIOFILMS

  • DEWI FATMA SUNIARTI Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • AGOENG TJAHAJANI SARWONO Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
  • MARINA ROSYANA Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to determine the effectiveness of an identified Javanese turmeric ethanolic extract (IIJTEE) for eradicating biofilms formed by
Streptococcus mutans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, or both.
Methods: Such biofilms during different growth phases were exposed to various concentrations of an IJTEE to determine its effects on bacterial
proliferation.
Results: The effectiveness of the IJTEE in eradicating the S. mutans biofilm was concentration-dependent but not when used to treat P. gingivalis and
S. mutans - P. gingivalis biofilms.
Conclusion: The effectiveness of the IJTEE for eradicating biofilms formed by S. mutans, P. gingivalis, and S. mutans plus P. gingivalis biofilms depended
on the growth phase of the biofilm. Thus, IJTEE eradicated biofilms formed by S. mutans, P. gingivalis, or both.

Keywords: Biofilm eradication, Dual-species biofilm, Identified Javanese turmeric ethanolic extract, Single-species biofilm, Streptococcus mutans, Porphyromonas gingivalis

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How to Cite
SUNIARTI, D. F., SARWONO, A. T., & ROSYANA, M. (2019). EFFECTIVENESS OF A JAVANESE TURMERIC ETHANOL EXTRACT FOR ERADICATING STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS AND PORPHYROMONAS GINGIVALIS BIOFILMS. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 11(1), 27-31. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2019.v11s1.AR157
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Original Article(s)