POTENTIAL OF JAVANESE TURMERIC ETHANOL EXTRACT IN INHIBITING STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUINIS AND PORPHYROMONAS GINGIVALIS BIOFILM FORMATION

  • REINA HUTAURUK Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta 10430 Indonesia
  • DEWI FATMA SUNIARTI Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta 10430 Indonesia
  • WIDURINI DJOHAN Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta 10430 Indonesia

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the potential of Javanese turmeric ethanol extract in the inhibition of the formation of
Streptococcus sanguinis and Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms, individually and in combination.
Methods: The concentration of P. gingivalis and S. sanguinis bacteria ranged from 0.5% to 25%. Inhibition assay for biofilm formation was conducted
on a 96-well plate using brain heart infusion (BHI) agar enriched with 0.2% sucrose at 37oC for 18 h. After staining with 0.5% crystal violet, the optical
density was measured at 490 nm.
Results: Javanese turmeric can potentially inhibit the biofilm formation of S. sanguinis (IC50 0.5%, IC90 15%) and P. gingivalis (IC50 15%) on single and
dual species (IC50 0.5%, IC90 15%).
Conclusion: Javanese turmeric has the potential to inhibit the formation of S. sanguinis and P. gingivalis biofilms.

Keywords: Javanese turmeric ethanol extract, Streptococcus sanguinis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Biofilm, Inhibition

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HUTAURUK, R., SUNIARTI, D. F., & DJOHAN, W. (2019). POTENTIAL OF JAVANESE TURMERIC ETHANOL EXTRACT IN INHIBITING STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUINIS AND PORPHYROMONAS GINGIVALIS BIOFILM FORMATION. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 11(1), 13-17. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2019.v11s1.154
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