DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION METHOD OF CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE AND 4-HYDROXYCYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE WITH 4-HYDROXYCYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE-D4 AS INTERNAL STANDARD IN DRIED BLOOD SPOTS USING UPLC-MS/MS

  • YESI IHDINA FITYATAL HASANAH Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, UI Depok Campus, 16424 Depok, Indonesia
  • YAHDIANA HARAHAP Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, UI Depok Campus, 16424 Depok, Indonesia, Indonesia Defense University, Bogor, 16810, West Java, Indonesia
  • HERMAN SURYADI Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, UI Depok Campus, 16424 Depok, Indonesia

Abstract

Objective: Cyclophosphamide (CP) is anticancer of the alkylating agent (nitrogen mustard) and a prodrug which will be metabolized into an active metabolite form, 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (4-OHCP). Therefore, the effectiveness of therapy with CP is determined by its metabolites concentration. The purpose of this study was to obtain a validated analytical method of CP and 4-OHCP simultaneously and sensitively in dried blood spots with SIL (Stable Isotope Labeled) 4-OHCP-d4 as the internal standard using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, so optimization and full validation are conducted in this research.


Methods: A simpler analytical method was developed and validated to quantify CP and 4-OHCP in DBS samples using an Ultra-High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). A linear regression was used as the statistical analysis method. Sample preparation was performed by protein precipitation using methanol. The separation was performed on UPLC H-Class BEH C18 column using formic acid 0.01%-acetonitrile as the mobile phase in gradient mode at 0.2 ml/minute. The mass detection was performed on Waters Xevo TQD using ESI+for CP, 4-OHCP-SCZ, and IS 4-OHCP-d4-SCZ with m/z value: 261.03>140.16; 334.10>221.04; and 338.10>225.06.


Results: This method was linear within the range of 10–40,000 ng/ml for CP and 5–4,000 ng/ml for 4-OHCP. Lower Limit of Quantification (LLOQ) concentration of CP was 10 ng/ml and 4-OHCP was 5 ng/ml.


Conclusion: This method has successfully fulfilled the validation requirement referring to the 2011 EMA and 2018 FDA guidelines.

Keywords: 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (4-OHCP), Cyclophosphamide (CP), Dried blood spots (DBS), SIL 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide-d4

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HASANAH, Y. I. F., HARAHAP, Y., & SURYADI, H. (2021). DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION METHOD OF CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE AND 4-HYDROXYCYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE WITH 4-HYDROXYCYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE-D4 AS INTERNAL STANDARD IN DRIED BLOOD SPOTS USING UPLC-MS/MS. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 13(2), 148-152. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2021v13i2.39590
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