EFFICACY OF PURIFIED PECTINASE OBTAINED FROM PAECILOMYCES VARIOTII IN EXTRACTION AND CLARIFICATION OF JUICE FROM GRAPES AND POMEGRANATE FRUITS
The present investigation was carried out to study the application and the competitiveness of commercial and purified pectinase obtained from Paecilomycesvariotii in fruit juice (grapes and pomegranate) clarification of different enzyme concentrations like 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, varying incubation time (30, 60, 90, 120 and 160 minutes) at constant temperature of 50ÂºC to optimize the enzymatic treatment for the yield and clarity of the juices. The optimum conditions recommended for enzymatic (crude, purified and commercial pectinase) treatment for clarification and yield of fruit juices were 3.5 mg/20g pulp of enzyme concentration and 180 min incubation time at a constant temperature of 50ÂºC. It was observed that purified pectinase obtained from pectinolytic fungus, P. variotiienhanced juice yield and clarity of grape and pomegranate juices and is on par with the commercial pectinase when compared to untreated juices. A maximum yield of 79% and clarity of 19.4 and 19.5% were obtained from grape juice and a significantly high yield of 74% and clarity of 4.9 and 4.8 were acheived from pomegranate juice when compared to the unclarified grape and pomegranate juices (60 and 52% respectively).Â There was an increase in the yield of 31.6% and 42.3% of the grape and pomegranate juices respectively when treated with purified enzyme than the untreated juices.
Key words: Pectinase, Paecilomycesvariotii, Grapes, Pomegranate, Yield, Clarity