NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF SOME WILD EDIBLE TUBEROUS PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOODS
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the nutritional composition of wild edible tuberous plants that have potential as an alternative food in Lokop, Aceh.
Methods: Wild edible tuberous plants were collected from Lokop forest, East Aceh district, Aceh (Indonesia), in June 2016. The nutritive value of the wild edible tubers used as alternative food plants by local people in Lokop village, Aceh, Indonesia, was assessed by their nutritional composition.
Results: A total of five wild edible tuberous plant species were founded in Lokop forest, i.e., Amorphophallus muelleri Blume (Araceae), Dioscorea hispida Dennst. (Dioscoreaceae), Homalomena philippinensis Engl. (Araceae), Tacca chantrieri AndrÃ© (Taccaceae), and Tacca minor Ridl. (Taccaceae). The fat crude concentrations varied from 0.18% (A. muelleri) to 1.33% (T. minor) and the protein content ranged from 1.72% to 4.27%. Homalomena philippinensis has highest carbohydrates and Vitamin C which were 26.9% and 1.144 mg/g, respectively.
Conclusion: This result indicated that the species have a good nutritional content and have suitable for use as an alternative food source. This information may serve as a basis for increased consumption and utilization.
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