A REVIEW ON PHYTOPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF ALPINIA GALANGA

  • Shimaila Eram Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Lucknow, (UP).
  • Md Mujahid Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Lucknow, (UP).
  • Paramdeep Bagga Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Lucknow, (UP).
  • Vaseem Ahamad Ansari Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Lucknow, (UP).
  • Md Afroz Ahmad Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Lucknow, (UP).
  • Arun Kumar Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Lucknow, (UP).
  • Farogh Ahsan Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Lucknow, (UP).
  • Md Sohel Akhter Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University, Lucknow, (UP).

Abstract

Alpinia galanga plant which is associated with family Zingiberaceae is mainly scattered in tropical areas and widely known for ethno medicine. Against fungi and bacteria rhizome extract have a maximum inhibitory effect. Alpinia galanga plant is used in medicine and in food preparation. Rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga have high phenolic and flavonoid contents when compared to leaf extract. Because of elevated phenolic and flavonoid content in rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga there is noticeable antimicrobial as well as radical scavenging potential. It is a well-known official drug thought out the country as integrated contribution of nature. It is commonly used for the management of eczema, coryza, bronchitis, otitis interna, gastritis, ulcers, morbilli and cholera, pityriasis versicolor, to clear the mouth, emaciation. The different parts of the plant have various effects like antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiplatelet, antiviral, antidiabetic, immunomodulatory, antibacterial, anti-oxidant effects, hypolipidemic and many others. The essential oil of A. galanga identified 1, 8-cineol as a bioactive agent having antifeeding activity. An aqueous acetone extract of fruit of Alpinia galanga shows inhibitory effect on melanogenesis (formation of melanin). By using different methods, active constituent namely, 1'-acetochavicol acetate in hexane extract of Alpinia galanga rhizome was investigated for their corrosion inhibition properties. The current review add significant information about its, pharmacological activities, medicinal properties and phytochemical investigations as a traditional drug to cure for a number of diseases. Every fraction of the plant has valuable properties that can deliver humanity. The complete plant will be broadly investigated for further future prospective.

Keywords: Alpinia galanga, pharmacology, phytochemistry, traditional use, Chemical constituent

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Eram, S., M. Mujahid, P. Bagga, V. A. Ansari, M. A. Ahmad, A. Kumar, F. Ahsan, and M. S. Akhter. “A REVIEW ON PHYTOPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF ALPINIA GALANGA”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 11, no. 3, Jan. 2019, pp. 6-11, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2019v11i3.31352.
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