COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF ORAL MICROBIOTA OF CHILDREN WITH AND WITHOUT EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES BORN TO CARIES FREE MOTHERS
Objectives: To compare the level of mutans streptococci in children with and without Early childhood caries (ECC) born to caries free mothers.
Methods: Twenty children aged between 3 and 6 years were selected depending on their caries experience, and the mother should be caries free in
both the groups. The children were divided into two groups. Group I had an active carious lesion and Group II were caries free. Saliva samples were
collected from the child and the mother in a sterile tube and bacterial culture was carried out to estimate the colony count.
Results: There was a highly significant difference in the colony forming unit (CFU) between the 2 groups, indicating higher CFU in children with ECC.
Conclusions: Even though there are higher chances of vertical transmission of MS from mother to their child, this study provides a new view that
mother alone is not a potential factor for mutans streptococci transmission to their child.
Keywords: Mutans streptocci, Early childhood caries, Colony forming unit.
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