PREVALENCE OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY IN SOUTHERN INDIA


Satish Nayak, Karthik Rao, Navin Patil, Jayaprakash B, Amita Priya D, Balaji Ommurugan, N R Rao, Sarthak Singhal

Abstract


 

 Objectives: In India, 69.1 million are diabetics as of 2015 compared to 18 million in 1995. Pan India prevalence study in diabetics carried out at 194 centers by All India Ophthalmological Society reported the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) among diabetics as 21.8%. DR is of two types, non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). The severity of NPDR depends on microaneurysms, hemorrhages, cotton wool spots, and beading of veins and can progress to PDR. Inherit characteristic of PDR is neovascularization. The aim of this observational prevalence study is to study the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in Type 2 diabetic patients attending diabetic clinic and to study the distribution of diabetic retinopathy with respect to age, sex, and duration of disease in a tertiary care hospital in southern India.

Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. Age above 20 years and patients diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and examined by the ophthalmologist were included and others excluded. Data documented were analyzed using statistical software SPSS version 16.

Results: About 52.07% of patients with Type 2 DM for more than 10 years had diabetic retinopathy and 13.07 % of patients with Type 2 DM for more than 5 years have diabetic retinopathy.

Conclusion: India being the diabetic capital of the world and DR being the most common cause for visual impairment and blindness and it becomes empirical to assess the factors for its rising prevalence, which will significantly contribute in reducing the progression of DR.


Keywords


Diabetes mellitus, Diabetic retinopathy, Diabetic maculopathy, Chronic hyperglycemia.

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About this article

Title

PREVALENCE OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY IN SOUTHERN INDIA

Keywords

Diabetes mellitus, Diabetic retinopathy, Diabetic maculopathy, Chronic hyperglycemia.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i8.19088

Date

01-08-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 8 August 2017 Page: 201-203

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

53 Views | 47 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Satish Nayak
Senior Resident, Department of Gastroenterology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal.
India

Karthik Rao
Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal.
India

Navin Patil
Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal.
India

Jayaprakash B
Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal.
India

Amita Priya D
Postgraduate, Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal.
India

Balaji Ommurugan
Post graduate, Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal.
India

N R Rao
Consultant Physician, Anugraha Medical Centre, Udupi.
India

Sarthak Singhal
undergraduate, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal.
India


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