INFLUENCE OF PHARMACIST–DOCTOR COMMUNICATION ON PEDIATRIC ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS


Diany Astuti, Retnosari Andrajati, Sudibyo Supardi

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of the research was to describe drug-related issues and assess the effect of communication between pharmacists and physicians on decreased prescription drug-related problems in pediatric antibiotics.

Methods: Intervention was carried out in the form of pharmacist discussing information-related issues about drugs with physicians prescribing antibiotics to pediatric patients. The research sample included 338 prescription sheets on pediatric outpatient use of antibiotics, and a prospective design was used. Analysis of the data was carried out in the form of a frequency distribution and bivariate analysis Wilcoxon test.

Results: The results showed that drug-related problems were recorded on 62.22% of the 338 prescription sheets. The biggest problems that occurred had to do with the effectiveness of therapy (P1; 79.3%) and cost issues (P1; 20.7%). In terms of P1, drug-related problems involved excessive frequency of drug administration (80.1%), inappropriate drug dose selection (17.2%), drug interactions (9.6%), inadequate drug selection (12.2%), a subtherapeutic dose (4.1%), and excessive drug dose (0.5%). For P1, therapy cost problems were a lack of indication for the drug (84.1%) and improper drug selection (15.9%).

Conclusions: The influence of pharmacist–physician communication concerning the reduction of drug-related problems for pediatric outpatient prescriptions was statistically significant (p<0.05). Ultimately, communication between pharmacists and physicians can reduce drug-related problems by 22.9%.


Keywords


Prescription, Drug-related problems, Hospital, Pediatric.

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About this article

Title

INFLUENCE OF PHARMACIST–DOCTOR COMMUNICATION ON PEDIATRIC ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS

Keywords

Prescription, Drug-related problems, Hospital, Pediatric.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10s5.23093

Date

01-10-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Special Issue October 2017 [PTMDS 2017] Page: 46-49

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

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Authors & Affiliations

Diany Astuti
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
Indonesia

Retnosari Andrajati
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
Indonesia

Sudibyo Supardi
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
Indonesia


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