THE EFFECT OF INSUFFICIENT IRON CONSUMPTION DURING PREGNANCY ON THE RISK OF LOW BIRTH WEIGHT IN RSUD KOTA DEPOK AND BEKASI


Citra Yuliyanda Pardilawati, Sudibyo Supardi, Retnosari Andrajati

Abstract


Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of low consumption of iron tablets during pregnancy on the risk of low birth weight. This case–control study included 56 women who gave birth to infants weighing <2500 g in RSUD Kota Depok and Bekasi. The control group consisted of 112 mothers who gave birth to infants weighing ≥ 2500 g.

Methods: This study was performed from September 2015 to December 2015. Data were collected from patient’s medical records and via structured interviews with questionnaires.

Results: We found that, among the study participants, 73.2% were aged 20-35 years, 76.2% had a gestational age ≥37 weeks, 61.3% had 1-3 children parity, time from previous delivery was >2 years in 53.6%, 95.2% did not complete antenatal examinations, 95.8% had a body weight of ≥40 kg before pregnancy, 91.1% showed a ≥5 kg increase in body weight during pregnancy, 45.8% had a high school education, 88.7% were housewives, hemoglobin level was ≥11 g/dL in 63.1%, and 53.0% did not consume heme-containing food daily. Only 53% of the participants consumed an adequate amount of iron, whereas the remaining 47% consumed less than the recommended amount of iron. Bivariate tests revealed that women who consumed an inadequate amount of iron during pregnancy had a 6.08-fold higher risk of low birth weight than women who consumed an adequate amount of iron during pregnancy.

Conclusions: The strongest risk factor for low birth weight was inadequate consumption of iron during pregnancy (odds ratio [OR] = 5.87; 95%, CI: 2.76-12.49) followed by inadequate gestational age (OR = 4.27; 95%, CI: 2.76-12.49).


Keywords


Anemia, Low birth weight, Iron tablets, Pregnancy.

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About this article

Title

THE EFFECT OF INSUFFICIENT IRON CONSUMPTION DURING PREGNANCY ON THE RISK OF LOW BIRTH WEIGHT IN RSUD KOTA DEPOK AND BEKASI

Keywords

Anemia, Low birth weight, Iron tablets, Pregnancy.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10s5.23108

Date

01-10-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Special Issue October 2017 [PTMDS 2017] Page: 97-101

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

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Authors & Affiliations

Citra Yuliyanda Pardilawati
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
Indonesia

Sudibyo Supardi
Center of Technology Intervention Public Health, Health Research and Development Office, Ministry of Health, Indonesia.
Indonesia

Retnosari Andrajati
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
Indonesia


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