• Robert Fernando Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Sri Lelyati C Masulili Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Robert Lessang Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Indawati S Kusdhany Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia



25-hydroxy Vitamin D, Papillary bleeding index, Postmenopause


Objective: To evaluate the association of the degree of gingival inflammation and 25-hydroxy Vitamin D (25(OH)D) level in postmenopausal women.

Methods: A cross-sectional study involved 71 postmenopausal women. Data were obtained using questionnaires, clinical periodontal examinations, and evaluations of blood samples. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were determined using human 25-dihydroxy Vitamin D ELISA kit.

Result: Prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency among postmenopausal women was 74.64%. The papillary bleeding index (PBI) was lower (1.07±0.18) in postmenopausal women with normal serum 25(OH)D levels than that in postmenopausal women with Vitamin D deficiency (1.41±0.1). However, this difference was not statistically significant (p<0.05). This result indicated increasing trends in PBI.

Conclusion: There is no association between the degree of gingival inflammation and the 25(OH)D status among postmenopausal women.


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How to Cite

Fernando, R., C Masulili, S. L., Lessang, R., & Kusdhany, I. S. (2018). ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE DEGREE OF GINGIVAL INFLAMMATION AND 25-HYDROXY VITAMIN D STATUS IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 9, 95–97.



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