GC-MS PROFILE AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM STROBILANTHES KALIMANTANENSIS LEAVES: A NEW SPECIES FROM EAST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA
Keywords:Essential oil, Strobilanthes kalimantanensis, Antibacterial
Objective: The aim was to determine the botanical, GC-MS chemical characteristics and antibacterial activity of Strobilanthes. kalimantanensis as a new species.
Methods: Characterization of plants through microscopic and macroscopic analysis, isolation of essential oil (EO) by steam distillation, GC-MS analysis of essential oil content and antibacterial effectiveness tests.
Results: The results of the steam distillation process of essential oil produced yield 0.547%, clear and has fresh scent. GC-MS results from essential oils identified major phytochemicals, including anethole and estragole. Antibacterial activity of EO is 100 mg/ml against Staphylococcus aureus and 150 mg/ml against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, and Streptococcus epidermidis.
Conclusion: Plant with the first species reported as Strobilanthes kalimantanensis contains essential oils that have antibacterial activity.
Wulffraat S, Greenwood C, Faisal KF, Sucipto D. The environmental status of Borneo; 2016.
Budiman E, Hairah U, Haeruddin, Tejawati A, Darmawan S, Wahyuni S. Biodiversity information system of medicinal plants from tropical rainforest Borneo based on traditional knowledge ethnic of Dayak. Adv Sci Lett. 2018;24(11):8668-73. doi: 10.1166/asl.2018.12321.
Sidiyasa K. Tree diversity in the rain forests of Kalimantan. The Balance Between Biodivers Conserv Sustain Use Trop Rain Forests. 1999:69-78.
Pintaud AJ, Baker WJ, Pintaud J, Baker WJ. A revision of the palm genera (Arecaceae) of new caledonia published by: springer on behalf of royal botanic gardens, kew linked references are available on JSTOR for this article: A revision of the palm genera. (Arecaceae) New Caledonia. 2016;63(1):61-73.
Agneeswari S, Jansi M. Characterization and applications of leaf extracts of Hemigraphis alternate. Int J Eng Adv Technol. 2019;9(1):108-14.
Manzitto Tripp EA, Darbyshire I, Daniel TF, Kiel CA, McDade LA. Revised classification of Acanthaceae and worldwide dichotomous keys. Taxon. 2022;71(1):103-53.
Ghasemy Piranloo F, Kavousi F, Kazemi Abharian M. Comparison for the production of essential oil by conventional, novel and biotechnology methods. Journal of Essential Oil Research. 2022;34(5):455-78. doi: 10.1080/10412905.2022.2120557.
Cannon JB, Cantrell CL, Astatkie T, Zheljazkov VD. Modification of yield and composition of essential oils by distillation time. Ind Crops Prod. 2013;41(1):214-20.
CLSI. Methods for dilution antimicrobial susceptibility tests for bacteria that grow aerobically; approved standard. 9th ed. Vol. 32. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute; 2012.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 WISNU CAHYO PRABOWO, ANGGA CIPTA NARSA, DZAKI BAYU ANDARISTA, HADI KUNCORO, SRI AGUNG FITRI KUSUMA, YASMIWAR SUSILAWATI
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.