EVALUATION OF ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF A 3-EXTRACT FORMULATION IN TOPICAL DOSAGE FORM AND ITS SAFETY ASPECT
Objective: To determine the combination of extract of Rosmarinus officinalis leaves, Zingiber officinale rhizome, and Curcuma xanthorrhiza rhizome in
2 form topical preparations, cream, and ointment, through in situ study, as well as to evaluate safety aspect of both cream and ointment.
Methods: Irritation skin and eye test were performed according to OECD guideline. Rabbits were also used as an object of the in situ study. A suspension
of Trichophyton mentagrophytes was injected through the skin on both sides of rabbitâ€™s back to induce dermatophytosis. Throughout the treatment
period, topical preparation was applied to the infected site until the wound was fully recovered.
Results: There was no significant irritation effect on both topical dosage forms. However, an incidence of redness was observed in the skin applied
by cream. Healing rate of extract in ointment.
Conclusion: Combination of the corresponding extract showed antifungal activity and was comparable to that of ketoconazole as a reference drug.
Keywords: Rosmarinus officinalis leaves, Zingiber officinale rhizome, Curcuma xanthorrhiza rhizome, In situ, Irritation.
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