• Sandeep Dewal Reproductive Physiology Section, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
  • Rachna Sharma Reproductive Physiology Section, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
  • R.s. Gupta Reproductive Physiology Section, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.


Indian sub-continent showing very high diversity in both ecological and geographical aspects. In India, medicinal plants are widely distributed in different climatic conditions and are abundant in a mountainous region or riverine area. In this review, are being discussed anti-fertility properties of India’s well-known Chambal riverine flora. This area is rich in many medicinal plants as Acyranthus aspera, Acacia catechu, Nelumbo nucifera, Nyctanthes arbortristis, Mimosa pudica, Adhatoda vasica, Calotropis gigantea, Pergularia daemia, Vicoa indica, etc. These plants possess potential antifertility activity and many phytoconstituents, responsible for antispermatogenic, anti-implantation, antiovulatory, antiandrogenic, and many more activities. Hence, this review comprises a brief study of some medicinal plants found in Chambal riverine and showing the comprehensive antifertility activity of those plants.

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Chambal riverine, Phytoconstituents, Antifertility.

Author Biographies

Sandeep Dewal, Reproductive Physiology Section, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Dept. of Zoology

Research Scholar

Rachna Sharma, Reproductive Physiology Section, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Research Scholar

dept of zoology

R.s. Gupta, Reproductive Physiology Section, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Associate Professor

dept of Zoology


1. Sir C, Harry G, Seth SK. A revised survey of the forest types of India. New Delhi,Manager of Publications Delhi; 1968.
2. Pathak SK. Study of vegetation and flora of chambal region (MP). Int J Sci Res 2013;2:38-9.
3. Bhatt N, Chawla SL, Rao MV. Contraception evalution of seed extracts of Abrus precatorious (L.) in male albino rats (Mus musculus). J Med Toxicol 2007;1:45-8.
4. Siddiqui S, Siddiqui BS, Naim Z. Studies in the steroidal constituents of the seeds of Abrus precatoriuos (linn.) (Scarlet variety). Pak J Sci Ind Res 1978;21:158-61.
5. Choudhary AK, Chakder SK. Antifertility activity of traditional contraceptive pill comprising Acacia catechu, Acacia arabica and Traquia involucerta. Indian J Med Res 1984;80:372-4.
6. Ahirwar D. Antifertility activity of Acacia leucophloea. Pharm Lett 2011;3:411-3.
7. Jhade D, Jain S, Jain A. Sharma P. Pharmacognostic screening, phytochemical evaluation and in vitro free radical scavenging activity of Acacia leucophloea root. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2012;1:S501-1.
8. Lampiao F. The Antifertility effects of Acacia nilotica in male wistar rats. J Reprod Infertil 2013;14:39-42.
9. Raghvendra MP, Satish S, Raveesha KA. In vitro evaluation of anti-bacterial spectrum and phytochemical analysis of Acacia nilotica. J Agric Technol 2006;2:77-88.
10. Shivayogi P, Rudresh KH, Badami S, Patil SB, Patil SR. Post-coital antifertility activity of Aclypha indica (L.) J Ethanopharmacol 1999;67:253-8.
11. Raj J, Singh KP. In: Acalypha indica. New Delhi: CCRH Quarterly Bulletin Central Council for Research in Homeopathy India; 2000;22:1 6.
12. Vasudeva N, Sharma SK. Post-coital Antifertility activity of Achyranthus aspera (linn.) root. J Ethanopharmacol 2006;07:179-81.
13. Banerji A, Chadha MS. Insect moulting hormone from Achyranthes aspera. Phytochemistry 1970;9:1671.
14. Khastgir HN, Gupta PS. The sapogenin from seeds of Achyranthes aspera (Linn.). J Indian Chem Soc 1958;35:529-30.
15. Sharma SK, Vasudeva N, Ali M. A new aliphatic acid from Achyranthes aspera (Linn.) roots. Indian J Chem 2009;48:1164-9.
16. Prakash AO, Saxena V, Shulkla S et al. Antiimplantation activity of some indigenous plants in rats. Acta Europea Fertilitiatis 1985;16(6):441-8.
17. Rachana, Basu S, Pant M, Kumar PM, Saluja S. Review and future perspectives of using vasicine and related compounds. Indo Global J Pharm Sci 2011;1:85-98.
18. Chauhan A, Agarwal M, Kushwaha S, Mutreja A. Antifertility studies of Aegle marmelos (corr.) an Indian medicinal plant on male albino rats. Egypt J Biol 2008;10:28-35.
19. Maity P, Hansda D, Bandyopadhyay U, Mishra DK. Biological activities of crude extracts and chemical constituents of bael, Aegle marmelos (L.) corr. Indian J Exp Biol 2009;47:849-61.
20. Savadi RV, Alagawadi KR. Antifertility activity of ethanolic extracts of Plumbago juncea and Aerva lanata on albino rats. Int J Green Pharm 2009;3:230-3.
21. Goyal M, Pareek A, Nagori BP, Sasmal D. Aerva lanata: A review on phytochemistry and pharmacological aspects. Pharmacogn Rev 2011;5:195-8.
22. Gupta RS, Kachhawa JB, Choudhary R. Antifertility effect of methanolic pod extract of Albizzia lebbek (L) benth in male rat. Asian J Androl 2004a;6:155-9.
23. Varshney IP, Vyas P, Srivastava HC, Singh PP. Study of Albizzia lebbek Benth wood saponin lebbekanin-E. Nat Acad Sci Lett (India) 1979;2:135-6.
24. Dhanapal R, Kavimani S, Math VS, Gupta M, Basu SK. Antisteroidogenic activity of ethanol extract of Ammania baccifera (L.) whole plant in female albino mice ovaries. Iran J Pharmacol Ther 2005;4:43-5.
25. Atal CK, Srivastava JB, Wali BK, Chakravarty RB, Dhawan BN, Rastogi RP. Screening of Indian medicinal plant for biological activities. Indian J Exp Biol 1978;16:330-49.
26. Thakkar SM, Deshmukh VK, Saoji AN, Duragkar NJ. Herbal drugs for urinary stones. J Indian Chem Soc 1986;64:619-20.
27. Murgan K, Vanithakumari G, Sampathraj R. Biochemical changes in epididymis following treatment with combined extract of Amaranthus spinosus roots and Dolichos biflorus seeds. Anc Sci Life 1993;13:154 9.
28. Rai PK, Jindal S, Gupta N, Rana, R. An inside Review of Amaranthus spinosus (linn.): A potential medicinal plant of India. Int J Res Pharm Chem 2014;4:643-53.
29. Kanerkar UR, Bhagaonkar PY, Indurwade NH. Abortifacient effect of Amaranthus viridis (L.) aqueous root extract on albino rats. Asian J Biomed Pharm Sci 2016;6:13-6.
30. Khan M, Musharaf S, Ibrar M, Hussain F. Pharmacognostic evaluation of the Amaranthus viridis (L.). Res Pharm Biotech 2011;3:11-6.
31. Kamboj VP, Dhawan BN. Research on plants for fertility regulation in India. J Ethnopharmacol 1982;6:191-226.
32. Mojab F, Kamalinejad M, Ghaderi N, Vanidipour HR. Phytochemical screening of some species of Iranian plants. Iran J Pharm Res 2003;2:77 82.
33. Akbarsha MA, Manivannan B, Hamid KS, Vijayan B. Antifertility effect of Andrographis paniculata (Nees) in male albino rat. Indian J Exp Biol 1990;28:421-6.
34. Xue C, Wang ZT. Chemical constituents from roots of Andrographis paniculate. Yao Xue Xue Bao 2011;46:317-21.
35. Che CT, Ahmed MS, Kang SS, Waller DP, Bingel AS, Martin A, et al. Studies on aristolochia III. Isolation and biological evaluation of constituents of Aristolochia indica roots for fertility-regulating activity. J Nat Prod 1984;47:331-41.
36. Gupta RS, Dixit VP, Dobhal MP. Antifertility studies of isoquinoline alkaloids with special emphasis on structure activity relationship. Fitoterapia 1990;61:67-71.
37. Gbotolorun SC, Osinubi AA, Noronha CC, Okanlawon AO. Antifertility potential of neem flower extract on adult female sprague-dawley rats. Afr Health Sci 2008;8:168-73.
38. Vinoth B, Manivasagaperumal R, Rajaravindram M. Phytochemical analysis and antibacterial activity of Azadirachta indica ajuss. Int J Res Sci 2012;2:50-5.
39. Katolkar P, Rulhe A, Pingle S, Bodele SB, Duragkar NJ. Antiimplantaion activity of the methanolic extract of Balanites aegyptiaca bark Del. in rats. Res J Pharm Technol 2012;5:288-90.
40. Seida AA. Isolation, Identification and Structure Elucidation of Cytotoxic and Antitumour Principles from Ailanthus integrifolia, Amyris pinnata and Balanites aegyptiaca. Dissertation Abstracts International (Sci); 1979;39:4843.
41. Padmashali B, Vaidya VP, Vagdevi HM, Satyanarayana ND. Antifertility efficacy of the plant Balanites roxburghii in female rats. Indian J Pharm Sci 2006;68:347-51.
42. Singh V, Patel JR, Gaur K, Tyagi LK, Kori ML. In vitro antioxidant activity and phytochemical analysis of stem bark of Balanites roxburghii plant. Adv Biol Res 2009;3:242-6.
43. Johnson DB, Kumar CD, Arunkanth KR, Giles D, Gopal M, Hubert VG. Antifertility activity of Biophytum sensitivum. Indian Drug 2003;40(9):523-5.
44. Bharati AC, Sahu AN. Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Biophytum sensitivum DC. Pharmacogn Rev 2012;6:68-73.
45. Jain HK, Suman J, Mehta SC, Tonpay SD. Antiimplantation and anti-estrogenic activity of Boerhavia diffusa root extract in female albino rats. Am J Pharm Sci 2016;4:15-9.
46. Agrawal B, Das S, Pandy A. Boerhavia diffusa (linn.): A review on it’s phytochemical and pharmacological profile. Asian J Appl Sci 2011;4:663-84.
47. Sharma SK, Rai G, Vasudeva N. Antifertility investigation of Butea monosperma (lam.) kuntze root in female albino mice. Res J Med 2012;6:260-6.
48. Sindhia VR, Bairwa R. Plant review: Butea monosperma. Int J Pharma Clin Res 2010;2:90-4.
49. Bandyopadhyay S. Antifertility activity of methanol extract of Bassia latifolia and Cajanus cajan in female albino rats. Iran J Pharmacol Ther 2012;9:83-7.
50. Akihisa T, Nishimura Y, Nakamura N, Roy K, Ghosh P, Thakur S, Tamura T. Sterols of Cajanus cajan and three other leguminosae seeds. Phytochemistry 1992;31:1765-8.
51. Mishra M, Gautam RK, Mathur R. Evalution of antifertility potential of Calotropis gigantea (linn.) in female albino rats. J Pharma Res Opin 2011;1:92-3.
52. Kamath JV, Rana AC. Preliminary study on antifertility activity of Calotropis procera roots in female rats. Fitoterapia 2002;73:111-5.
53. Mainasara MM, Aliero BL, Aliero AA, Yakubu M. Phytochemical and antibacterial properties of Calotropis procera (Ait) R. Br. (Sodom apple) fruit and bark extracts. Int J Mod Bot 2011;1:8-11.
54. Sarathchandiran I, Manavalan R, Akbarsha MA, Kadalmani B, Karar PK. Studies on spermatotoxic effect of ethanolic extract of Capparis aphylla (Roth). J Biol Sci 2007;7:544-8.
55. Singh P, Mishra G, Sangeeta S, Srivastava KK, Jha K. Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of Capparis decidua: An overview. Pharm Lett 2011;3:71-82.
56. Yadav R, Jain GC. Antifertility effect of aqueous extract of seeds of Cassia fistula in female rats. Adv Contracept1999;15:293-301.
57. Pandya DJ, Patel VL, Desai TR, Lunagaria RR, Gajera SD, Mehta AJ. Pharmacognostic and phytochemical evalution of leaves of Cassia fistula. IJPLS 2012;3:14-24.
58. Govindaraj Y, Melanaphuru VL, Gupta S, Agrahari V, Nema RK. Antifertility activity of the ethanolic extract of Cassia occidentalis, Derris brevipes var. brevipes and Justicia simplex. World J Chem 2009;4(2):118-22.
59. Lal J, Gupta PC. Physcion and phytosterol from the roots of Cassia occidentalis. Phytochemistry 1973;12:1186.
60. Alves AC. Pharmacological study of the root of Cassia occidentalis. Anals Fac Pharm Porto 1965;24:65-119.
61. Pal DK, Pal BB. The antifertiliy activity of methanol extract of Celsia coromandeliana vohl in mouse ovary. Drug Met Rev 2004;36:151.
62. Fadhel AA, Ishak MA. Effect of oral administration of Convolvulus arvensis crude extract in reproductive performance of albino rats. TIJAS 2014;45:196-204.
63. Kaur M, Kalia AN. Convolvulus arvensis-a useful weed. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2012;4:38-40.
64. Gupta M, Mazumdar UK, Pal DK, Bhattacharya S. Onset of puberty and ovarian steroidogenesis following administration of methanolic extract of Cuscuta reflexa (Roxb.) stem and Corchorus olitorius (linn.) seed in mice. J Pharmacol 2003;89:55-9.
65. Adegoke AA, Tayo BC. Phytochemical composition and antimicrobial effects of Corchorous olitorius leaf extracts on four bacterial isolates. J Med Plants Res 2009;3:155-9.
66. Nakamura T, Goda Y, Sakai S, Kondo K, Akiyama H, Toyoda M. Cardenolide glycoside from seeds of Chorchorus olitoius. Phytochemistry 1998;49(7):2097-101.
67. Katolkar P, Wanjari BE, Nimbekar TP, Duragkar NJ. Antiimplantation activity of the methanolic extract of Chordia dichotoma Lam. bark in rats. Int J Biochem Adv Res 2012;3:202-4.
68. Srivastava SK, Srivastava SD. Taxifollin 3, 5-dirhamnoside from the seeds of Chordia dichotoma. Phytochemistry 1979;18:205-8.
69. Vijaykumar B, Sangamma I, Sharanbasappa A, Patil SB. Antispermatogenic and hormonal effects of Crotolaria juncea (linn.) seed extracts in male mice. Asian J Androl 2004;6:67-70.
70. Dinakaran SK, Banji D, Godala P, Harani A. Pharmacognostical evaluation study on Crotalaria juncea (Linn.). Am Euran J Sci Res 2011;6:139-45.
71. Subramanian SS, Nair AG. Chemical components of Cuscuta reflexa (Roxb.). Indian J Chem 1963;1:501.
72. Nair AG, Thirupurasundari G. Coumarins and flavonoids from Cuscuta reflexa parasitic on Bougainvillea spectabilis. Fitoterapia 1992;63:381.
73. Nayantara AK, Alva A, Kottari S, Alva A, Soofi AA, Rejeesh EP. Effect of Cynodon dactylon extract on estrous cycle and reproductive organs in female wistar rats. Int J Anal Pharm Biol Sci 2012;1:10-5.
74. Gangwar S, Khan MA, Saxena A, Mujeeb M, Husain A. Pharmacognostical and phytochemical investigation of Cynodon dactylon L. Pers. leaves. CPR 2011;2:419-26.
75. Duke JA, Ayensu ES. Medicinal Plants of China. Vol 1, 2. Michigan, Algonac: Reference Publications; 1985. p. 705.
76. Kilani S, Ammar RB, Bouhlel I, Abdelwahed A, Hayder N, Mahmoud A, et al. Investigation of extracts from (tunisian) Cyperus rotundus as antimutagens and radical scavengers. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2005;20:478-84.
77. Tona L, Kambu K, Ngimbi N, Cimanga, K, Vlietinck AJ. Antiamoebic and phytochemical screening of some Congolese medical plants. J Ethnopharmcol 1998;61:57-65.
78. Naik BS, Dangi NB, Sapkota HP, Wagle N, Nagarjuna S, Sankaranand R, et al. Phytochemical screening and evaluation of Antifertility activity of Dactyloctenium aegyptium in male albino rats. Asian Pac J Reprod 201;5(1):51-7.
79. Tiwari P, Kumar B, Kaur M, Kaur, H. Phytochemical screening and extraction: A review. Int Pharma Sci 2011;1:98-106.
80. Vasudeva N, Vats M. Anti-spermatogenic activity of ethanol extract of Dalbergia sissoo (roxb.) stem bark. J Acupunct Meridian Study 2011;4:116-22.
81. Sarg T, Ateya AM, Ghani AA, Badr W, Shams G. Phytochemical and pharmacological studies of Dalbergia sissoo growing in Egypt. Pharm Biol 1999;37(1):54-62.
82. Pandiarajan G, Govindaraj R, Makesh BK, Sankarasivaraman K. Antifertility activity in the acetone extract of Datura metel L. seeds on female mouse. J Pharmacogen Pharmacoprot 2012;3(4):1-3.
83. Akharaiyi FC. Antibacterial, phytochemical and antioxidant activities of Datura metel. Int J PharmTech Res 2011;3:478-83.
84. Gupta RS, Kachhawa JB, Sharma A. Effect of methanolic extract of Dendrophthoe falcata stem on reproductive function of male albino rats. J Herb Pharmacother 2007;7:1-13.
85. Manthri S, Kota CS, Talluri M. Pharmacognostic, phytochemical and pharmacological review of Dendrophthoe falcata. J Phytol 2011;3:18 25.
86. Mitra J, Das A, Joshi T. An isoflone diglycoside from the seeds of Dolichos biflorus. Phytochemistry 1983;22:1063-4.
87. Patil MB. Ethnomedicinal plants used as antifertility agents by tribal people of north Maharashtra, India. Int J Sci Res 2016;1:123-32.
88. Dhanapal R, Ratna JV, Gupta M, Sarathchandran I. Reversible antispermatogenic and anti-steroidogenic activities of Feronia limonia fruit pulp in adult male rats. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2012;2:684-90.
89. Intekhab J, Aslam M. Isolation of a flavonoid from Feronia limonia. J Saudi Chem Soc 2009;13:295-8.
90. Mahour K, Anurag M, Ashok K, Vihan, VS. Preliminary pharmacognostical and phytochemical investigation on Feronia elephantum corr. fruit. J Pharm Res 2008;1:44-7.
91. Dar AI, Maser G, Jadhaw V, Bansal SK, Saxena RC. Isolation and structural elucidation of the novel flavone glycoside from Feronia limonia (L.). J Pharm Res 2013;7:697-704.
92. Gupta PC. A preliminary study on effects of leaf extract of Ficus benghalensis (linn.) on spermatogenesis and fertility in albino mice. Int J Pharm Tech Res 2012;4:226-32.
93. Trease and Evans. Pharmcognosy. Harcourt Brace and Company, Asia PTE Ltd.; 1996. p. 290.
94. Sharma RK, Goyal AK, Bhat RA. Antifertility activity of plant extracts on female reproduction. A review. Biol Sci 2013;3:493-514.
95. Anand OP. Potentialities of some indigenous plants for antifertility activity. Int J Crude Drug Res 1986;24:19-24.
96. Asaka Y, Ohsaki A, Kubota T, Matsukawa Y, Satomi Y, Nishino H, et al. 5, 7, 3’, 4’-Tetrahydroxy-3-methoxyflavone, a potent antitumour promoter isolated from Gnaphalium indicum. Kyoto Furistu Ika Daigaku Zasshi 1992;101:353-9.
97. Jain S, Sareen V, Narula A. Oestrogenic and pregmancy interceptor efficacy of a flavonoid mixture from Granga maderaspatana poir (Artemisia maderaspatana) in the mouse. Phyto Res 1993;7:381-3.
98. Singh D, Mathela CS, Pande V, Panwar A. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Grangea maderaspatana (L.) Poir. J Drug Discovery Therpeut 2013;1:46-52.
99. Mishra A, Dogra JU, Singh JN, Jha OP. Postcoital antifertility activity of Annona squamosa and Ipomoea fistulosa. Planta Med 1979;35:283 5.
100. Modi AJ, Khadabadi SS, Deokate UA, Farooqui IA, Deore SL, Gangwani MR. Argyreia speciosa Linn. f.: Phytochemistry, pharmacognosy and pharmacological studies. J Pharmacogn Phytother 2010;2:34-42.
101. Ibraheem SO, Bello II, Awobajo FO. Antifertility effect of methanolic leaf extract of Mangifera indica (mango leaves) on male Sprague- Dawley rats. FASEB J 2007;21:325.
102. Aiyelaagbe OO, Osamudiomen PM. Phytochemical screening for active compounds in Mangifera indica leaves from Ibadan, Oyo state. Plant Sci Res 2009;2:11-3.
103. Sharma DK, Mali PC. Inhibition of spermatogenesis with the treatment of 50% methanolic extract of Maytenus emarginate leaves in albino rats. Int J Pharm Sci Res 2016;7:3379-87.
104. Sgwan S, Rao DV, Sharma RA. Phytochemical evaluation and quantification of primary metabolites of Maytenus emarginate (wild.) Ding Hou J Chem 2010;2:46-50.
105. Mandal R, Dhaliwal PK. Antifertility effect of Melia azedarach linn. (dharek) seed extract in female albino rats. Indian J Exp Biol 2007;45:853-60.
106. Ahmed MF, Rao AS, Ahemad SR, Ibrahim M. Phytochemical studies and antioxidant activity of Melia azedarach linn. leaves by DPPH scavenging assay. Int J Pharm Appl 2012;3:271-6.
107. Priya G, Saravanan K, Renuka C. Medicinal plants with potential antifertility activity-a review of sixteen years of herbal medicine research (1994-2010). Int J PharmTech Res 2012;4:481-94.
108. Shah GM, Khan MA, Ahmad M, Zafar M, Khan AA. Observations on antifertility and abortifacient herbal drugs. Afr J Biotechnol 2009;8:1959-64.
109. Ahmad S, Jamal Y, Mannan A. Review of some medicinal plants with anti-fertility activities. Unani Res 2011;1:24-8.
110. Tamilarasi T, Ananthi T. Phytochemical Analysis and antimicrobial activity of Mimosa pudica Linn. Res J Chem Sci 2012;2:1-7.
111. Mutreja A, Agarwal M, Kushwaha S, Chauhan A. Effect of Nelumbo nucifera seeds on the reproductive organs of female rats. Iran J Reprod Med 2008;6:7-11.
112. Venkatesh B, Dorai A. Antibacterial and antioxidant potential of white and pink Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn flowers. Int Con on Biosci Biochem Bioinf 2011;5:213-7.
113. Chaudhari PK, Singh D. A new lipid and other constituents from the rhizome of Nelumbo nucifera. J Asian Nat Prod Res 2009;11:583-7.
114. Gupta RS, Kachhawa JB, Sharma A. Antispermatogenic effect of Nyctanthes arbortristis in male albino rats. Pharm Online 2006;2:261 73.
115. Priya K, Ganjewala D. Antibacterial activities and phytochemical analysis of different plant parts of Nyctanthes arbortritis (linn.). Res J Phytochem 2007;1:61-7.
116. Bilal A, Jahan N, Ahmad A, Habib S. Antifertility activity of hydroalcoholic extract of Ocimum basilicum linn leaves on female wistar rats. Reprod Contracept 2013;24(1):45-54.
117. Neelam LD, Nilofer SN. Prelminary Immuno-modulatory activity of aqueous and ethanolic leaves extract of Ocimum basilicum linn. in mice. Int J PharmaTech Res 2010;2:1342-9.
118. Gupta RS, Sharma R, Sharma A, Sharma A. Antispermatogenic effect and chemical investigation of Opuntia dillenii. Pharm Biol 2002;40:411-5.
119. Sadik MG, Gafur MA, Bhuriyan MS, Rahman MM, Biswas HU. Antifertility activity of the alkaloidal fraction of Pergularia daemia. J. Med. Sci 2001;1:217-9.
120. Karthishwarn K, Mirunalini S, Dhamodharan G, Krishnaveni M, Arulmozhi V. Phytochemical investigation of methanolic extract of the leaves of Pergularia daemia. J Biol Sci 2010;10:242-6.
121. Bhattacharjee AK, Das AK. Phytochemical screening of some Indian plants. Q J Crude Drug Res 1969;9:1408-12.
122. Londonkar R, Nayaka HB. Evalution of anti-implantation and abortifacient properties of Portulaca oleracea L. in albino rats. Int J Pharm BioSci 2011;2:501-8.
123. Rao NJ, Jayasree T, Rao MB, Kumar SK, Kumar VS. Evaluation of the Anti-nociceptive and the anti-inflammatory activities of the petroleum ether extract of Portulaca oleracea (linn.). J Chem Diag Res 2012;6:226-30.
124. Shivalingappa H, Satyanarayan ND, Purohit MG. Anti-implantation and pregnancy interruption efficacy of Rivea hypocrateriformis in the rat. J Ethanopharmacol 2001;74:245-9.
125. Shivalingappa H, Satyanarayan ND, Purohit MG, Sharanabasappa A, Patil SB. Effect of ethanol extract of Rivea hypocrateriformis on the estrous cycle of the rat. J Ethnoharmacol 2002;82:11-7.
126. Adoon AS, Reman HA, Kandil OM, Al-Sagair OA, Mohamed AA. Effect of Salvadora persica (Miswak) leaves and stem aqueous extracts on ovarian folliculogenesis and uterine histology in female albino rats. Int J Phytomed 2014;6:346-53.
127. Jain M, Saxena VK. Chemical constituents of the stem of Salvadora persica. Acta Ciencia Indica 1984;10:127-8.
128. Londonkar RL, Patil SJ, Patil SB. Phytochemical and contraceptive property of Sida acuta Burn FI IIN. In albino rats. Int J PharmTech Res 2009;1:1260-6.
129. Sinha R, Gupta I, Tark R, Dixit VP. Antispermatogenic Activity of Abrus precatorius Linn. Seed Extract in Langur Monkey (Presbytis entellus). In: National Symposium on the use of Primates in Biochemical Research, Jaipur, India; 1986. p. 56.
130. Williamson EM. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. China: Churchill Livingstone; 2002. p. 279-82.
131. Sharma B, Viswanath G, Salunke R, Roy P. Effects of flavonoid rich extract from seeds of Eugenia jambolana (L) on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in diabetic mice. Food Chem 2008;110:697-705.
132. Gupta DR, Agrawal SK. Chemical examination of the unsafoniable matter of the seed fat of Syzgium cumini. Sci Culture 1970;36:298.
133. Vishwantha T, Satishagauda S, Patil JS, Patil BS. Anti implantation activity of Terminalia belerica bark extracts in female albino rats. Biotechnology 2009;3:66.
134. Manohar VR, Chandrashekar R, Rao SN. Phytochemical analysis of Terminalia belerica fruit pulp extracts. World J Pharm Phrm Sci 2012;1:1376-83.
135. Gupta PC, Singh SK. Effect of Different Extract of Bark of Terminalia chebula on Reproductive Organs in Male Mice. ICRH and 20th Annual Meeting of the Indian society for the Study of Reproduction and Fertility. Feb.8-10, 2010. p. 40.
136. Kumar KJ. Effect of geographical variation on contents of tannic acid, gallic acid, chebulinic acid and ethyl galate in Terminalia chebula. Nat Prods 2006;2:170-5.
137. Kundu AP, Mahato SB. Triterpenoids and their glycosides from Terminalia chebula. Photochemistry 1993;32:99-1002.
138. Sareen V, Jain S, Narula A. Evaluation of oestrogenicity and pregnancy interceptory efficacy of lapachol (2-Hydroxy-3-(3- methyl-2-butenyl)-1, 4-naphthoquinone in the mouse. Phytother Res 1995;9:139 -41.
139. Gupta RK, Krishanmurthy M, Parthasarthi J. Purpurin a new flavone from Tephrosia purpurea seeds. Photochemistry 1980;19:1264.
140. Lal B, Udupa KN. A preliminary study of antifertility effect of an indigenous drug Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna). J Res Ayurvedic Sci 1993;14:165-9.
141. Tripathi VK, Singh B. Terminalia arjuna-its present status (a review). Orient J Chem 1996;12:1-16.
142. Gupta RS, Sharma A. Antifertility effect of Tinospora cordifolia (willd) stem extract in male rats. Indian J Exp Biol 2003;41:885-9.
143. Singh SS, Pandey SC, Srivastava S, Gupta VS, Patro B, Zhang Y, et al. Chemistry and medicinal property of Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi). Indian J Pharmacol 2003;35:83-91.
144. Uppadhyay AK, Kumar K, Kumar A, Mishra HS. Tinospora cordifolia (wild.) Hook F. and thoms. (Guduchi)- validation of the Ayurvedic pharmacology through experimental and clinical studies. Int J Ayurveda Res 2010;1:112-21.
145. Usman H, Rahman FI, Ladan AA. Phytochemical and antimicrobial evaluation of Tribulus terrestris L. (Zygophyllaceae) growing in Nigeria. Res J Biol Sci 2007;2:244-7.
146. Kumar D, Kumar A, Prakash O. Potential Antifertility agents from plant: A comprehensive review. J Ethnopharmacol 2012;1:1-32.
147. Keshri G, Kumar S, Kulshreshtha DK, Rajendran SM, Singh MM. Post coital interceptive activity of Wrightia tinctoria in Sprague- Dawley rats: A preliminary study. Contra 2008;78:266-70.
148. Jain PS, Bari SB. Isolation of lupeol, stigmasterol and campesterol from petroleum ether extract of woody stem of Wrightia tinctoria. Asian J Plant Sci 2010;9:163-7.
149. Dubey R, Dubey K, Sridhar C, Jayaveera KN. Sperm immobilization activity of aqueous, methanolic and saponins extract of bark of Zizyphus mauritiana. Pharm Sinica 2011;2:11-6.
150. Goyal M, Nagori BP, Sasmal D. Review on ethnomedicinal uses, pharmacological activity and phytochemical constituents of Zizyphus mauritiana (Z. jujuba Lam. Non Mill). Spatula DD 2012;2:107-16.
151. Joshi SC, Sharma A, Chaturvedi M. Antifertility potential of some medicinal plants in males: An overview. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2011;3:204-17.
152. Kirtikar KR, Basu BD. Indian Medicinal Plant. Dehradun: New Canaught Palace; 1975.
369 Views | 410 Downloads
How to Cite
Dewal, S., R. Sharma, and R. Gupta. “A REVIEW ON ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY OF PLANTS OF CHAMBAL RIVERINE”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 11, no. 8, Aug. 2018, pp. 8-14, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i8.24260.
Review Article(s)