ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK FACTORS AMONG LOCAL POPULATION OF NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION
Â Objective: In view of marked accentuations in cardiometabolic diseases in developing countries such as India, we aimed to conduct a cross-sectional study analyzing the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in local population of Ghaziabad.
Methods: The study is descriptive, random sample survey, and cross-sectional study. The study was carried out at Santosh Medical College, Ghaziabad, on 350 participants between the age group 18-70 years. After taking the informed consent, they were included in the study. The variables recorded were clinical history, all risk factors of cardiovascular disease including blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, blood sugar and serum lipid levels, cigarette use, and dietary habit.
Result: Our study shows that the high prevalence of multiple risk factors in a general population with as many as 70% of the participants had metabolic syndrome. Among individually studied groups, obesity was the most common followed by dyslipidemia then diabetes and hypertension and the least prevalent was smoking. Females were more commonly affected than males by dyslipidemia and obesity, probably due to physical inactivity coupled with unhealthy diet and lifestyle.
Conclusion: There is the higher prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors among the population making the individuals prone to associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection and their predisposition. Therefore, timely detection of cardiometabolic factors and appropriate interventions may be of prime concern.
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