ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK FACTORS AMONG LOCAL POPULATION OF NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION


Preeti Sharma, Pradeep Kumar, Rachna Sharma, Satya Prakash

Abstract


 

 Objective: In view of marked accentuations in cardiometabolic diseases in developing countries such as India, we aimed to conduct a cross-sectional study analyzing the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in local population of Ghaziabad.

Methods: The study is descriptive, random sample survey, and cross-sectional study. The study was carried out at Santosh Medical College, Ghaziabad, on 350 participants between the age group 18-70 years. After taking the informed consent, they were included in the study. The variables recorded were clinical history, all risk factors of cardiovascular disease including blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, blood sugar and serum lipid levels, cigarette use, and dietary habit.

Result: Our study shows that the high prevalence of multiple risk factors in a general population with as many as 70% of the participants had metabolic syndrome. Among individually studied groups, obesity was the most common followed by dyslipidemia then diabetes and hypertension and the least prevalent was smoking. Females were more commonly affected than males by dyslipidemia and obesity, probably due to physical inactivity coupled with unhealthy diet and lifestyle.

Conclusion: There is the higher prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors among the population making the individuals prone to associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection and their predisposition. Therefore, timely detection of cardiometabolic factors and appropriate interventions may be of prime concern.


Keywords


Cardiometabolic risk factors, Dyslipidemia, Risk to associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection.

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About this article

Title

ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK FACTORS AMONG LOCAL POPULATION OF NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION

Keywords

Cardiometabolic risk factors, Dyslipidemia, Risk to associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i8.18588

Date

01-08-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 8 August 2017 Page: 211-213

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

65 Views | 132 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Preeti Sharma
Department of Biochemistry, Santosh Medical College and Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
India

Pradeep Kumar
Department of Biochemistry, Santosh Medical College and Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
India

Rachna Sharma
Department of Biochemistry, TSM Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
India

Satya Prakash
Department of Biochemistry, B. R. D. Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
India


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