• Irene Sondang Lingga Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia.
  • Urip Harahap Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia.
  • Yuandani Yuandani Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia.



Pucuk merah, Syzygium myrtifolium Walp, Antimutagenic


Objective: This current study was carried to evaluate the antimutagenic effects of ethanol extract Syzygium myrtifolium Walp. in cyclophosphamide-induced mice.

Methods: The mice were divided into 6 groups with the total number of 30 mice (CMC Na 0,5%; cyclophosphamide 30 mg/kg bw; and extract 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg bw) consisting of 5 rats for each group. All mice were induced by cyclophosphamide 30 mg/kg bw on day 1, then followed by administration of extract for 7 days. On day 8, the blood was collected to evaluate the hematocrit value, while the femoral bone marrow was collected to determine the number of micronucleus cells.

Results: The ethanol extracts of S. Myrtifolium leaves at doses of 50–400 mg/kg bw demonstrated antimutagenic effect by inhibiting the formation of micronucleus as compared to negative control (CMC Na 0.5%). Meanwhile, the hematocrit value increased at dose of 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg bw as compared to negative control.

Conclusion: This finding suggests that ethanol extract of S. myrtifolium has antimutagenic activity that may increase the normal cell number in cyclophosphamide-induced mice.


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How to Cite

Lingga, I. S., U. Harahap, and Y. Yuandani. “ANTIMUTAGENIC EFFECTS OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF SYZYGIUM MYRTIFOLIUM WALP. IN CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE-INDUCED MICE”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 11, no. 5, May 2018, pp. 210-3, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i5.24350.



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