HOMOCYSTEINE: A NEWER AND NOVEL INDEPENDENT RISK FACTOR AND CARDIAC MARKER FOR ACUTE MI

  • ANOOP KUMAR Department of Biochemistry, Santosh Medical College Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • PREETI SHARMA Department of Biochemistry, Santosh Medical College Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • PRADEEP KUMAR Department of Biochemistry, Santosh Medical College Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • DR ASHOK KUMAR Department of Medicine, Santosh Medical College Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate homocysteine levels in myocardial infarction (MI) patients (troponin-T positive) and normal healthy individuals (troponin-T negative) subsequently to make comparisons with other cardiac markers.


Methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of 172 subjects involving 100 patients of non-diabetic MI and 72 apparently healthy controls with no history of diabetes and/or MI was done between December 2017 and May 2018. The diagnosis of MI was established with electrocardiogram findings and troponin-T estimation. Blood samples were collected and processed for the estimation of homocysteine, troponin-T, creatine kinase MB fraction (CK-MB), and lactate dehydrogenase.


Results: In the present study, a total of 100 troponin-T positive cases and 72 troponin-T negative as controls were studied. The mean age in the cases was 62.15±7.75 years and in the controls was 61.49±8.35 years (p=0.592). The mean value of homocysteine in the troponin-T positive group was 30.56±19.79 μmol/l and in the troponin-T negative group was 10.28±4.03 μmol/l (p<0.0001). Homocysteine was deranged in 98% troponin-T positive group and in only 18.06% in troponin-T negative group. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.0001). No significant correlation was found between homocysteine and CK-MB and LDH in troponin-T positive and negative patients individually.


Conclusion: This study indicated that homocysteine is sensitive cardiac markers for the diagnosis of MI but shows no specific correlation with other cardiac markers and thus it should be predicted independently.

Keywords: Infarction, Homocysteine, Creatine.

Author Biography

ANOOP KUMAR, Department of Biochemistry, Santosh Medical College Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Asst.Professor, Department of Biochemistry.

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How to Cite
KUMAR, A., P. SHARMA, P. KUMAR, and D. A. KUMAR. “HOMOCYSTEINE: A NEWER AND NOVEL INDEPENDENT RISK FACTOR AND CARDIAC MARKER FOR ACUTE MI”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 12, no. 3, Feb. 2019, pp. 177-80, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/29559.
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