CENTRAL COMPOSITE DESIGN APPLIED IN HPLC OPTIMIZATION FOR ANALYSIS OF TARTRAZINE AND AURAMINE O IN POWDER DRINKS
Objective: This study was intended to optimize reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method for the determination of Tartrazine (TAR) and Auramin O (AUO) in powder drinks using experimental design of central composite design (CCD) approach.
Methods: TAR and AUO in powder drink product has same properties, therefore both analytes were analysed using C18 column (XBridge Shield RP 18 250 mm x 4.6 mm i.d., 5 µm) using Shimadzu LC 20AD chromatograph equipped with photo-diode array (PDA) detector at 300-650 nm. Some factors responsible for RP-HPLC separation of TAR and AUO including the concentration of buffer, the ratio of mobile phase and flow rate were optimized using CCD. The responses evaluated were peak area, retention time, and tailing factor. The mobile phase used was acetonitrile and ammonium acetate buffer, and acetonitrile composition was optimized at 84-86% for separation of TAR and AUO, delivered at a flow rate of 0.8–1.2 ml/min, using ammonium acetate buffer at 19-21 mmol.
Results: CCD showed that separation of TAR and AUO was influenced by flow rate, the ratio of acetonitrile and ammonium acetate concentration. These factors affected significantly to retention time, peak area, and tailing factor. The optimal condition obtained based on CCD was flow rate of 1.2 ml/min, the ratio of acetonitrile 86%, and ammonium acetate concentration of 19 mmol.
Conclusion: CCD can be used to get optimum condition for analysis of TAR and AUO in powder drink product.
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