ETHANOL RECOVERY FROM PROPOLIS PRODUCTION WASTE USING ADSORPTION DISTILLATION METHOD

Authors

  • MUHAMAD SAHLAN Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, 16424, Depok, West Java, Indonesia, Research Center for Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, 16424, Depok, West Java, Indonesia
  • LINDATIANA YULISTIONO Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, 76127, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • ASHADI SASONGKO Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, 76127, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • APRILIANA CAHYA KHAYRANI Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, 16424, Depok, West Java, Indonesia
  • KENNY LISCHER Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, 16424, Depok, West Java, Indonesia, Research Center for Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, 16424, Depok, West Java, Indonesia
  • DIAH KARTIKA PRATAMI Lab of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pancasila University, 12640, Jakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2021.v13s2.03

Keywords:

Adsorption distillation, Ethanol, Silica gel, and zeolite

Abstract

Objective: This study objective to compare two adsorbents in the ability to recover ethanol in the propolis production by-product.

Methods: Research methods include initial identification of the compound content in ethanol by-products of propolis production with GC/MS and determination of ethanol levels by GC-FID. The process of increasing ethanol content is carried out by the adsorption distillation method; the adsorbent used are synthetic zeolite 3A and white silica gel which has activated with the furnace.

Results: The result obtained from the study is the initial ethanol content 27.5%. After the ethanol recycle process using synthetic zeolite 3A 30, 60, and 90 grams, it was obtained content 82.3%, 87.1%, and 90.9%. By using 30, 60, and 90 grams silica gel, it was obtained content 72.0%, 79.2%, and 82.2%.

Conclusion: Based on these results it can be concluded that the ethanol content of the by-products of propolis production has been successfully increased by the distillation adsorption method with synthetic zeolite 3A 90 grams as the best result. The ethanol which recycling with this formulation has the characteristic odor of ethanol, which is very strong and does not has the characteristic odor of propolis.

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References

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Published

10-02-2021

How to Cite

SAHLAN, M., YULISTIONO, L., SASONGKO, A., KHAYRANI, A. C., LISCHER, K., & PRATAMI, D. K. (2021). ETHANOL RECOVERY FROM PROPOLIS PRODUCTION WASTE USING ADSORPTION DISTILLATION METHOD. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 13(2), 13–17. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2021.v13s2.03

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