ANTICANCER ACTIVITY OF Î’-SITOSTEROL FROM PLECTRANTHUS AMBOINICUS (LOUR. SPRENG.) LEAVES: IN VITRO AND IN SILICO STUDIES

  • POPPY ANJELISA Z HASIBUAN Department of Pharmacology, University of Sumatera Utara
  • Panal Sitorus Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Universitas of Sumatera Utara
  • Denny Satria university of sumatera utara

Abstract

Objective: β-sitosterol is the steroid compound which is an important nutrient in the diet meal, hydrophobic and soluble in organic solvents and considered as a good biomarker due to its biological activity.

Methods: In vitro study was using 2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide method towards T47D, MCF-7, HeLa, and WiDr cell lines. In silico docking using PLANTS program and visualized by Yasara program. The model of three dimension enzyme structures used in this research were epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-α), ER-beta (ER-β), and human EGFR 2 (HER-2). Two and three dimensions of β-sitosetrol, ZSTK474, and tamoxifen as the standard were generated using Marvin Sketch program.

Results: β-sitosterol was found to have inhibitory concentration 50% of 0.55; 0.87; 0.76, and 0.99 mM. β-sitosterol and ZSTK474 were inhibited EGFR and PI3K with docking score −92.8195; −91.7920 and −91.7470; −94.7491 β-sitosterol and tamoxifen were inhibited ER-α, ER-β and HER-2 with docking score −78.5570; −89.535, −68.7717; −52.008 and −90.4908; −50.5576, respectively.

Conclusion: Based on the results above that shows β-sitosterol provide effective as anticancer.

 

Keywords: β-sitosterol, Inhibitor, Anticancer, In vitro, In silico.

Author Biography

Denny Satria, university of sumatera utara
Department of Pharmaceutical Biology

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POPPY ANJELISA Z HASIBUAN, P. Sitorus, and D. Satria. “ANTICANCER ACTIVITY OF Î’-SITOSTEROL FROM PLECTRANTHUS AMBOINICUS (LOUR. SPRENG.) LEAVES: IN VITRO AND IN SILICO STUDIES”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, no. 5, May 2017, pp. 306-8, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i5.16931.
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